serw-MX  [xml]  
 


    
 DeCS Categories

D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.241 Carboxylic Acids .
D02.241.081 Acids, Acyclic .
D02.241.081.018 Acetates .
D02.241.081.018.386 Glycolates .
D02.241.081.018.386.682 Phenoxyacetates .
D02.241.081.018.386.682.224 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid .
D02.241.081.018.386.682.224.500 Agent Orange .
D02.241.081.018.386.682.800 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid .
D02.241.081.018.386.682.800.500 Agent Orange .
D02.241.511 Hydroxy Acids .
D02.241.511.316 Glycolates .
D02.241.511.316.682 Phenoxyacetates .
D02.241.511.316.682.149 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid .
D02.241.511.316.682.149.500 Agent Orange .
D02.241.511.316.682.800 2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid .
D02.241.511.316.682.800.500 Agent Orange .
D02.309 Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds .
D02.309.500 Dioxins .
D02.309.500.450 Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins .
D02.309.500.450.500 Agent Orange .
D02.806 Quinones .
D02.806.250 Benzoquinones .
D02.845 Semicarbazides .
D02.845.250 Diphenylcarbazide .
D03 Heterocyclic Compounds .
D03.383 Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring .
D03.383.129 Azoles .
D03.383.129.308 Imidazoles .
D03.383.129.308.432 Imidazolidines .
D03.383.129.308.432.555 Hydantoins .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.730 Phenytoin .
D03.383.129.462 Oxazoles .
D03.383.129.462.175 Dimethadione .
D03.633 Heterocyclic Compounds, Fused-Ring .
D03.633.300 Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring .
D03.633.300.786 Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins .
D03.633.300.786.500 Agent Orange .
 
 Terms
 Synonyms & Historicals
Documents
LILACS e MDL
 
Phenytoin .
5,5-Diphenylhydantoin .
5,5-diphenylimidazolidine-2,4-dione .
Antisacer .
Difenin .
Dihydan .
Dilantin .
Epamin .
Epanutin .
Hydantol .
Phenytoin Sodium .
Sodium Diphenylhydantoinate .
Diphenylhydantoinate, Sodium .
Diphenylhydantoin .
Fenitoin .
An anticonvulsant that is used to treat a wide variety of seizures. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Phenytoin has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its many adverse effects and interactions with other drugs. .
1.00
23912689
 
Dimethadione .
5,5-Dimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione .
5,5-Dimethyloxazolidine-2,4-dione .
Dimethyloxazolidinedione .
An anticonvulsant that is the active metabolite of TRIMETHADIONE. .
0.72
0223
 
Hydantoins .
Imidazolidine-2,4-Diones .
Imidazolidine 2,4 Diones .
Compounds based on imidazolidine dione. Some derivatives are ANTICONVULSANTS. .
0.65
102360
 
2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic Acid .
2,4,5-T .
An herbicide with strong irritant properties. Use of this compound on rice fields, orchards, sugarcane, rangeland, and other noncrop sites was terminated by the EPA in 1985. (From Merck Index, 11th ed) .
0.48
0809
 
Agent Orange .
(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid, butyl ester, mixt. with butyl (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxy)acetate .
2,4-D - 2,4,5-T mixture .
Orange, Agent .
A herbicide that contains equal parts of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), as well as traces of the contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. .
0.47
0310
 
Benzoquinones .
2,5-Cyclohexadiene-1,4-Diones .
o-Benzoquinones .
p-Benzoquinones .
Benzodiones .
1,2-Benzoquinones .
1,4-Benzoquinones .
Benzene rings which contain two ketone moieties in any position. They can be substituted in any position except at the ketone groups. .
0.44
77480
 
Diphenylcarbazide .
S-Diphenylcarbazide .
1,5 Diphenylcarbazide .
S Diphenylcarbazide .
1,5-Diphenylcarbazide .
Used as an indicator in titrating iron and for the colorimetric determination of chromium and the detection of cadmium, mercury, magnesium, aldehydes, and emetine. .
0.43
074