serw-MX  [xml]  

 DeCS Categories

D01 Inorganic Chemicals .
D01.268 Elements .
D01.268.380 Halogens .
D01.268.380.150 Chlorine .
D01.268.513 Metalloids .
D01.268.513.124 Antimony .
D01.268.549 Metals, Alkali .
D01.268.549.550 Potassium .
D01.268.552 Metals, Alkaline Earth .
D01.268.552.100 Calcium .
D01.268.556 Metals, Heavy .
D01.268.556.050 Antimony .
D01.268.556.412 Iron 5758 .
D01.268.556.484 Manganese .
D01.268.556.680 Palladium .
D01.268.556.940 Zinc 11488 .
D01.268.557 Metals, Light .
D01.268.557.575 Potassium .
D01.268.558 Metals, Rare Earth .
D01.268.558.362 Lanthanoid Series Elements .
D01.268.558.362.468 Europium .
D01.268.613 Noble Gases .
D01.268.613.600 Neon 7184 .
D01.268.956 Transition Elements .
D01.268.956.287 Iron 5758 .
D01.268.956.374 Manganese .
D01.268.956.718 Palladium .
D01.268.956.906 Zinc 11488 .
D01.362 Gases .
D01.362.225 Chlorine .
D01.362.641 Noble Gases .
D01.362.641.592 Neon 7184 .
D01.552 Metals .
D01.552.528 Metals, Alkali .
D01.552.528.652 Potassium .
D01.552.539 Metals, Alkaline Earth .
D01.552.539.288 Calcium .
D01.552.544 Metals, Heavy .
D01.552.544.050 Antimony .
D01.552.544.412 Iron 5758 .
D01.552.544.484 Manganese .
D01.552.544.680 Palladium .
D01.552.544.940 Zinc 11488 .
D01.552.547 Metals, Light .
D01.552.547.650 Potassium .
D01.552.550 Metals, Rare Earth .
D01.552.550.399 Lanthanoid Series Elements .
D01.552.550.399.468 Europium .
D23 Biological Factors .
D23.119 Blood Coagulation Factors .
D23.119.100 Calcium .
SP4 Environmental Health .
SP4.011 Science .
SP4.011.097 Chemistry .
SP4.011.097.063 Elements .
SP4. Antimony .
SP4. Calcium .
SP4. Zinc 11488 .
SP4. Chlorine .
SP4. Iron 5758 .
SP4. Manganese .
SP4. Potassium .
SP4.021 Water Supply .
SP4.021.202 Water Purification .
SP4.021.202.133 Unit Operations .
SP4. Chlorination (Environmental Health) .
SP4. Chlorine .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Calcium .
Blood Coagulation Factor IV .
Calcium-40 .
Calcium 40 .
Factor IV, Coagulation .
Factor IV .
Coagulation Factor IV .
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes. .
Manganese .
A trace element with atomic symbol Mn, atomic number 25, and atomic weight 54.94. It is concentrated in cell mitochondria, mostly in the pituitary gland, liver, pancreas, kidney, and bone, influences the synthesis of mucopolysaccharides, stimulates hepatic synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids, and is a cofactor in many enzymes, including arginase and alkaline phosphatase in the liver. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1992, p2035) .
Iron 5758 .
Iron-56 .
Iron 56 .
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN. .
Europium .
An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Eu, atomic number 63, and atomic weight 152. Europium is used in the form of its salts as coatings for cathode ray tubes and in the form of its organic derivatives as shift reagents in NMR spectroscopy. .
Potassium .
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. .
Antimony .
A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Sb, atomic number 51, and atomic weight 121.75. It is used as a metal alloy and as medicinal and poisonous salts. It is toxic and an irritant to the skin and the mucous membranes. .
Chlorine .
Chlorine-35 .
Chlorine 35 .
A greenish-yellow, diatomic gas that is a member of the halogen family of elements. It has the atomic symbol Cl, atomic number 17, and atomic weight 35. It is a powerful irritant that can cause fatal pulmonary edema. Chlorine is used in manufacturing, as a reagent in synthetic chemistry, for water purification, and in the production of chlorinated lime, which is used in fabric bleaching. .
Palladium .
A chemical element having an atomic weight of 106.4, atomic number of 46, and the symbol Pd. It is a white, ductile metal resembling platinum, and following it in abundance and importance of applications. It is used in dentistry in the form of gold, silver, and copper alloys. .
Neon 7184 .
A noble gas with the atomic symbol Ne, atomic number 10, and atomic weight 20.18. It is found in the earth's crust and atmosphere as an inert, odorless gas and is used in vacuum tubes and incandescent lamps. .
Zinc 11488 .
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn. .