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 DeCS Categories

C05 Musculoskeletal Diseases .
C05.651 Muscular Diseases .
C05.651.392 Isaacs Syndrome .
C05.651.475 Muscle Cramp .
C05.651.575 Myopathies, Structural, Congenital .
C05.651.575.290 Myopathies, Nemaline .
C05.651.701 Paralyses, Familial Periodic .
C05.651.701.450 Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis .
C07 Stomatognathic Diseases .
C07.465 Mouth Diseases .
C07.465.364 Hemifacial Spasm .
C10 Nervous System Diseases .
C10.228 Central Nervous System Diseases .
C10.228.140 Brain Diseases .
C10.228.140.079 Basal Ganglia Diseases .
C10. Meige Syndrome .
C10.228.662 Movement Disorders .
C10.228.662.300 Dystonic Disorders .
C10.228.662.300.500 Meige Syndrome .
C10.292 Cranial Nerve Diseases .
C10.292.650 Olfactory Nerve Diseases .
C10.597 Neurologic Manifestations .
C10.597.606 Neurobehavioral Manifestations .
C10.597.606.150 Communication Disorders .
C10.597.606.150.500 Language Disorders .
C10.597.606.150.500.800 Speech Disorders .
C10.597.606.150.500.800.300 Echolalia .
C10.597.613 Neuromuscular Manifestations .
C10.597.613.500 Muscle Cramp .
C10.597.613.650 Myokymia .
C10.597.613.750 Spasm .
C10.597.613.750.400 Hemifacial Spasm .
C10.597.613.875 Tetany .
C10.668 Neuromuscular Diseases .
C10.668.491 Muscular Diseases .
C10.668.491.550 Myopathies, Structural, Congenital .
C10.668.491.550.290 Myopathies, Nemaline .
C10.668.491.650 Paralyses, Familial Periodic .
C10.668.491.650.450 Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis .
C10.668.829 Peripheral Nervous System Diseases .
C10.668.829.425 Isaacs Syndrome .
C16 Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities .
C16.320 Genetic Diseases, Inborn .
C16.320.565 Metabolism, Inborn Errors .
C16.320.565.618 Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors .
C16.320.565.618.711 Paralyses, Familial Periodic .
C16.320.565.618.711.550 Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis .
C18 Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases .
C18.452 Metabolic Diseases .
C18.452.174 Calcium Metabolism Disorders .
C18.452.174.509 Hypocalcemia .
C18.452.174.509.700 Tetany .
C18.452.648 Metabolism, Inborn Errors .
C18.452.648.618 Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors .
C18.452.648.618.711 Paralyses, Familial Periodic .
C18.452.648.618.711.550 Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis .
C23 Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms .
C23.888 Signs and Symptoms .
C23.888.592 Neurologic Manifestations .
C23.888.592.604 Neurobehavioral Manifestations .
C23.888.592.604.150 Communication Disorders .
C23.888.592.604.150.500 Language Disorders .
C23.888.592.604.150.500.800 Speech Disorders .
C23.888.592.604.150.500.800.300 Echolalia .
C23.888.592.608 Neuromuscular Manifestations .
C23.888.592.608.500 Muscle Cramp .
C23.888.592.608.650 Myokymia .
C23.888.592.608.750 Spasm .
C23.888.592.608.750.400 Hemifacial Spasm .
C23.888.592.608.875 Tetany .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Tetany .
Tetanilla .
Neonatal Tetanies .
Neonatal Tetany .
Spasmophilias .
Tetanies .
Tetanies, Neonatal .
Tetanillas .
Spasmophilia .
Tetany, Neonatal .
A disorder characterized by muscle twitches, cramps, and carpopedal spasm, and when severe, laryngospasm and seizures. This condition is associated with unstable depolarization of axonal membranes, primarily in the peripheral nervous system. Tetany usually results from HYPOCALCEMIA or reduced serum levels of MAGNESIUM that may be associated with HYPERVENTILATION; HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; RICKETS; UREMIA; or other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1490) .
Myopathies, Nemaline .
Adult Onset Nemaline Myopathy .
Autosomal Dominant Nemaline Myopathy .
Autosomal Recessive Nemaline Myopathy .
Childhood Onset Nemaline Myopathy .
Late Onset Nemaline Myopathy .
Nemaline Body Disease .
Nemaline Myopathy .
Nemaline Myopathy, Adult Onset .
Nemaline Myopathy, Autosomal Dominant .
Nemaline Myopathy, Autosomal Recessive .
Nemaline Myopathy, Childhood Onset .
Nemaline Myopathy, Late Onset .
Nemaline Rod Disease .
Rod Body Disease .
Rod Myopathy .
Rod-Body Myopathy .
Myopathies, Rod .
Myopathies, Rod-Body .
Myopathy, Rod Body .
Rod Body Myopathy .
Rod Myopathies .
Rod-Body Myopathies .
Myopathy, Nemaline .
Myopathy, Rod .
Nemaline Myopathies .
Myopathy, Rod-Body .
A group of inherited congenital myopathic conditions characterized clinically by weakness, hypotonia, and prominent hypoplasia of proximal muscles including the face. Muscle biopsy reveals large numbers of rod-shaped structures beneath the muscle fiber plasma membrane. This disorder is genetically heterogeneous and may occasionally present in adults. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1453) .
Myokymia .
Fibrillary Chorea .
Kymatism .
Morvan Chorea .
Morvan's Chorea .
Morvan's Fibrillary Chorea .
Myokymia, Generalized .
Chorea, Fibrillary .
Chorea, Morvan .
Chorea, Morvan's .
Chorea, Morvan's Fibrillary .
Choreas, Fibrillary .
Choreas, Morvan .
Choreas, Morvan's .
Fibrillary Chorea, Morvan's .
Fibrillary Choreas .
Generalized Myokymia .
Generalized Myokymias .
Kymatisms .
Morvan Choreas .
Morvan Fibrillary Chorea .
Morvan's Choreas .
Morvans Chorea .
Morvans Fibrillary Chorea .
Myokymias .
Myokymias, Generalized .
Successive and rapid contractions of motor units associated with chronic nerve injury. The discharges arise from the peripheral aspects of regenerating nerves, and clinically impart a nearly continuous undulation of the body surface overlying the muscle. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1491) .
Echolalia .
Echo Reaction .
Echo Speech .
Echophrasia .
Reaction, Echo .
Reactions, Echo .
Speech, Echo .
Involuntary ("parrot-like"), meaningless repetition of a recently heard word, phrase, or song. This condition may be associated with transcortical APHASIA; SCHIZOPHRENIA; or other disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485) .
Olfactory Nerve Diseases .
Cranial Nerve I Disorders .
Olfactory Nerve Disease .
Cranial Nerve I Diseases .
First Cranial Nerve Diseases .
Diseases of the first cranial (olfactory) nerve, which usually feature anosmia or other alterations in the sense of smell and taste. Anosmia may be associated with NEOPLASMS; CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTIONS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; inherited conditions; toxins; METABOLIC DISEASES; tobacco abuse; and other conditions. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp229-31) .
Hemifacial Spasm .
Facial Spasms, Unilateral .
Hemifacial Spasms .
Myokymia, Hemifacial .
Spasm, Unilateral Facial .
Spasms, Hemifacial .
Spasms, Unilateral Facial .
Unilateral Facial Spasm .
Unilateral Facial Spasms .
Spasm, Hemifacial .
Facial Spasm, Unilateral .
Hemifacial Myokymia .
Recurrent clonic contraction of facial muscles, restricted to one side. It may occur as a manifestation of compressive lesions involving the seventh cranial nerve (FACIAL NERVE DISEASES), during recovery from BELL PALSY, or in association with other disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1378) .
Isaacs Syndrome .
Acquired Neuromyotonia .
Continuous Muscle Activity Syndrome .
Gamstorp-Wohlfart Syndrome .
Isaacs' Syndrome .
Isaacs-Mertens Syndrome .
Myokymia, Myotonia, Muscle Wasting, And Hyperhidrosis .
Pseudomyotonia Syndrome of Isaacs .
Quantal Squander .
Syndrome of Continuous Muscle Activity .
Continuous Myokymia .
Continuous Myokymias .
Gamstorp Wohlfart Syndrome .
Gamstorp-Wohlfart Syndromes .
Isaac Syndrome .
Isaacs Mertens Syndrome .
Isaacs Pseudomyotonia Syndrome .
Myokymias, Continuous .
Neuromyotonia, Acquired .
Syndromes, Gamstorp-Wohlfart .
Syndromes, Isaacs-Mertens .
Myokymia, Continuous .
Neuromyotonia .
Pseudomyotonia .
A rare neuromuscular disorder with onset usually in late childhood or early adulthood, characterized by intermittent or continuous widespread involuntary muscle contractions; FASCICULATION; hyporeflexia; MUSCLE CRAMP; MUSCLE WEAKNESS; HYPERHIDROSIS; TACHYCARDIA; and MYOKYMIA. Involvement of pharyngeal or laryngeal muscles may interfere with speech and breathing. The continuous motor activity persists during sleep and general anesthesia (distinguishing this condition from STIFF-PERSON SYNDROME). Familial and acquired (primarily autoimmune) forms have been reported. (From Ann NY Acad Sci 1998 May 13;841:482-496; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1491) .
Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis .
Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis, Familial .
Periodic Paralysis- Hypokalemic .
Westphall Disease .
Periodic Paralysis Hypokalemic .
Periodic Paralysis, Hypokalemic .
Periodic Paralysis- Hypokalemics .
Familial Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis .
Paralysis, Hypokalemic Periodic .
Primary Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis .
An autosomal dominant familial disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of skeletal muscle weakness associated with falls in serum potassium levels. The condition usually presents in the first or second decade of life with attacks of trunk and leg paresis during sleep or shortly after awakening. Symptoms may persist for hours to days and generally are precipitated by exercise or a meal high in carbohydrates. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1483) .
Muscle Cramp .
Muscular Cramp .
Cramp, Limb .
Cramp, Muscle .
Cramp, Muscular .
Cramps .
Cramps, Limb .
Cramps, Muscle .
Cramps, Muscular .
Limb Cramps .
Muscle Cramps .
Muscular Cramps .
Cramp .
Limb Cramp .
A sustained and usually painful contraction of muscle fibers. This may occur as an isolated phenomenon or as a manifestation of an underlying disease process (e.g., UREMIA; HYPOTHYROIDISM; MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; etc.). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1398) .
Meige Syndrome .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dyskinesia .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome, Idiopathic .
Idiopathic Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome .
Syndrome, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia .
Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dyskinesia .
Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dystonia .
Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome .
Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome, Idiopathic .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dyskinesias .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia Syndromes .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonias .
Dyskinesia, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dyskinesia, Idiopathic Orofacial .
Dyskinesias, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dyskinesias, Idiopathic Orofacial .
Dystonia Syndrome, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dystonia Syndromes, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dystonia, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dystonias, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Idiopathic Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome .
Idiopathic Orofacial Dyskinesias .
Orofacial Dyskinesia, Idiopathic .
Orofacial Dyskinesias, Idiopathic .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia .
Brueghel Syndrome .
Idiopathic Orofacial Dyskinesia .
A syndrome characterized by orofacial DYSTONIA; including BLEPHAROSPASM; forceful jaw opening; lip retraction; platysma muscle spasm; and tongue protrusion. It primarily affects older adults, with an incidence peak in the seventh decade of life. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p108) .