serw-MX  [xml]  
 


    
 DeCS Categories

D01 Inorganic Chemicals .
D01.045 Alkalies .
D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.455 Hydrocarbons .
D02.455.326 Hydrocarbons, Acyclic .
D02.455.326.146 Alkanes .
D02.455.326.271 Alkenes .
D02.455.326.397 Alkynes .
D02.455.426 Hydrocarbons, Cyclic .
D02.455.426.392 Hydrocarbons, Alicyclic .
D02.455.426.392.368 Cycloparaffins .
D02.455.526 Hydrocarbons, Halogenated .
D02.455.526.728 Mustard Compounds .
D02.455.526.728.650 Nitrogen Mustard Compounds .
D02.455.526.728.650.594 Melphalan .
D04 Polycyclic Compounds .
D04.345 Macrocyclic Compounds .
D04.345.133 Cycloparaffins .
D12 Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins .
D12.125 Amino Acids .
D12.125.072 Amino Acids, Cyclic .
D12.125.072.050 Amino Acids, Aromatic .
D12.125.072.050.685 Phenylalanine .
D12.125.072.050.685.500 Melphalan .
D27 Chemical Actions and Uses .
D27.505 Pharmacologic Actions .
D27.505.519 Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action .
D27.505.519.124 Alkylating Agents .
D27.888 Toxic Actions .
D27.888.569 Noxae .
D27.888.569.035 Alkylating Agents .
G02 Chemical Phenomena .
G02.111 Biochemical Phenomena .
G02.111.035 Alkylation .
G02.607 Organic Chemistry Phenomena .
G02.607.094 Alkylation .
G03 Metabolism .
G03.059 Alkylation .
SP4 Environmental Health .
SP4.011 Science .
SP4.011.097 Chemistry .
SP4.011.097.105  .
SP4.011.097.105.074 Alkalinization .
SP4.011.097.105.074.600 Alkalizers .
 
 Terms
 Synonyms & Historicals
Documents
LILACS e MDL
 
Alkynes .
Acetylenes .
Acetylenic Compounds .
Hydrocarbons with at least one triple bond in the linear portion, of the general formula Cn-H2n-2. .
1.00
16489
 
Alkylation .
Alkylations .
The covalent bonding of an alkyl group to an organic compound. It can occur by a simple addition reaction or by substitution of another functional group. .
0.60
410043
 
Alkylating Agents .
Alkylators .
Agents, Alkylating .
Highly reactive chemicals that introduce alkyl radicals into biologically active molecules and thereby prevent their proper functioning. Many are used as antineoplastic agents, but most are very toxic, with carcinogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic, and immunosuppressant actions. They have also been used as components in poison gases. .
0.58
406645
 
Alkenes .
Olefins .
Pentenes .
Unsaturated hydrocarbons of the type Cn-H2n, indicated by the suffix -ene. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p408) .
0.57
38402
 
Alkanes .
The generic name for the group of aliphatic hydrocarbons Cn-H2n+2. They are denoted by the suffix -ane. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) .
0.56
117245
 
Alkalizers .
Alkaligenes .
Alkalizer .
Alkalines .
0.54
 
Cycloparaffins .
Cyclic Acetylenes .
Cyclic Alkenes .
Alkenes, Cyclic .
Olefins, Cyclic .
Cycloalkenes .
Cyclic Olefins .
Cycloalkanes .
Cycloalkynes .
Alicyclic hydrocarbons in which three or more of the carbon atoms in each molecule are united in a ring structure and each of the ring carbon atoms is joined to two hydrogen atoms or alkyl groups. The simplest members are cyclopropane (C3H6), cyclobutane (C4H8), cyclohexane (C6H12), and derivatives of these such as methylcyclohexane (C6H11CH3). (From Sax, et al., Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed) .
0.53
0895
 
Alkalies .
Alkalis .
Alkali .
Bases .
Alkaline Substances .
Basic Substances .
Usually a hydroxide of lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium or cesium, but also the carbonates of these metals, ammonia, and the amines. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) .
0.52
334475
 
Melphalan .
4-(Bis(2-chloroethyl)amino)phenylalanine .
Alkeran .
L-PAM .
Mustard, Phenylalanine .
Medphalan .
Merphalan .
Phenylalanine Mustard .
Sarcolysine .
Sarkolysin .
An alkylating nitrogen mustard that is used as an antineoplastic in the form of the levo isomer - MELPHALAN, the racemic mixture - MERPHALAN, and the dextro isomer - MEDPHALAN; toxic to bone marrow, but little vesicant action; potential carcinogen. .
0.51
256876