serw-MX  [xml]  
 


    
 DeCS Categories

B03 Bacteria .
B03.353 Firmicutes .
B03.353.750 Lactobacillales .
B03.353.750.737 Streptococcaceae .
B03.353.750.737.872 Streptococcus .
B03.353.750.737.872.875 Viridans Streptococci .
B03.353.750.737.872.875.600 Streptococcus oralis .
B03.510 Gram-Positive Bacteria .
B03.510.400 Gram-Positive Cocci .
B03.510.400.800 Streptococcaceae .
B03.510.400.800.872 Streptococcus .
B03.510.400.800.872.875 Viridans Streptococci .
B03.510.400.800.872.875.600 Streptococcus oralis .
B03.510.550 Lactobacillales .
B03.510.550.737 Streptococcaceae .
B03.510.550.737.872 Streptococcus .
B03.510.550.737.872.875 Viridans Streptococci .
B03.510.550.737.872.875.600 Streptococcus oralis .
D01 Inorganic Chemicals .
D01.268 Elements .
D01.268.552 Metals, Alkaline Earth .
D01.268.552.100 Calcium .
D01.552 Metals .
D01.552.539 Metals, Alkaline Earth .
D01.552.539.288 Calcium .
D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.092 Amines .
D02.092.311 Catecholamines .
D02.092.311.200 Dihydroxyphenylalanine .
D02.092.311.200.480 Levodopa .
D02.092.471 Ethylamines .
D02.092.471.683 Phenethylamines .
D02.092.471.683.152 Amphetamines .
D02.092.471.683.152.110 Amphetamine .
D02.092.471.683.152.110.200 Dextroamphetamine .
D02.145 Aza Compounds .
D02.145.074 Azabicyclo Compounds .
D02.145.074.722 Tropanes .
D02.145.074.722.388 Cocaine .
D02.522 Ketones .
D02.522.818 Propiophenones .
D02.522.818.110 Bupropion .
D03 Heterocyclic Compounds .
D03.132 Alkaloids .
D03.132.206 Cinchona Alkaloids .
D03.132.206.719 Quinine .
D03.132.889 Tropanes .
D03.132.889.354 Cocaine .
D03.383 Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring .
D03.383.621 Piperidines .
D03.383.621.210 Domperidone .
D03.605 Heterocyclic Compounds, Bridged-Ring .
D03.605.084 Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic .
D03.605.084.500 Azabicyclo Compounds .
D03.605.084.500.722 Tropanes .
D03.605.084.500.722.388 Cocaine .
D03.605.687 Quinuclidines .
D03.605.687.762 Quinine .
D03.605.869 Tropanes .
D03.605.869.388 Cocaine .
D03.633 Heterocyclic Compounds, Fused-Ring .
D03.633.100 Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring .
D03.633.100.103 Benzimidazoles .
D03.633.100.103.370 Domperidone .
D03.633.100.513 Isoindoles .
D03.633.100.513.500 Mazindol .
D03.633.100.810 Quinolines .
D03.633.100.810.762 Quinine .
D12 Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins .
D12.125 Amino Acids .
D12.125.072 Amino Acids, Cyclic .
D12.125.072.050 Amino Acids, Aromatic .
D12.125.072.050.685 Phenylalanine .
D12.125.072.050.685.400 Dihydroxyphenylalanine .
D12.125.072.050.685.400.500 Levodopa .
D12.125.072.050.875 Tyrosine .
D12.125.072.050.875.130 Dihydroxyphenylalanine .
D12.125.072.050.875.130.500 Levodopa .
D23 Biological Factors .
D23.119 Blood Coagulation Factors .
D23.119.100 Calcium .
SP4 Environmental Health .
SP4.011 Science .
SP4.011.097 Chemistry .
SP4.011.097.063 Elements .
SP4.011.097.063.844 Calcium .
 
 Terms
 Synonyms & Historicals
Documents
LILACS e MDL
 
Cocaine .
Cocaine HCl .
Cocaine Hydrochloride .
HCl, Cocaine .
Hydrochloride, Cocaine .
An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake. .
1.00
52722156
 
Dextroamphetamine .
Curban .
Dexamfetamine .
Dexamphetamine .
Dexedrine .
Dextro-Amphetamine Sulfate .
DextroStat .
Dextroamphetamine Sulfate .
Oxydess .
d-Amphetamine Sulfate .
dextro-Amphetamine .
Dextro Amphetamine Sulfate .
Sulfate, Dextroamphetamine .
d Amphetamine .
d Amphetamine Sulfate .
dextro Amphetamine .
d-Amphetamine .
The d-form of AMPHETAMINE. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a sympathomimetic. It has also been used in the treatment of narcolepsy and of attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity in children. Dextroamphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulating release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. It is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic. .
0.43
116496
 
Amphetamine .
Amfetamine .
Amphetamine Sulfate .
Amphetamine Sulfate (2:1) .
Centramina .
Fenamine .
Mydrial .
Phenamine .
Thyramine .
levo-Amphetamine .
Sulfate, Amphetamine .
l Amphetamine .
levo Amphetamine .
Desoxynorephedrin .
l-Amphetamine .
Levoamphetamine .
Phenopromin .
A powerful central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic. Amphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulation of release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. Amphetamine is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic. The l- and the d,l-forms are included here. The l-form has less central nervous system activity but stronger cardiovascular effects. The d-form is DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. .
0.41
3610765
 
Mazindol .
AN-448 .
Diestet .
Mazanor .
Mazindole .
Sanjorex .
Sanorex .
Solucaps .
Teronac .
Teronak .
AN448 .
Tricyclic anorexigenic agent unrelated to and less toxic than AMPHETAMINE, but with some similar side effects. It inhibits uptake of catecholamines and blocks the binding of cocaine to the dopamine uptake transporter. .
0.37
17600
 
Bupropion .
(+-)-1-(3-Chlorophenyl)-2-((1,1-dimethylethyl)amino)-1-propanone .
Amfebutamone .
Bupropion Hydrochloride .
Bupropion Hydrochloride, (+-)-Isomer .
Bupropion, (+-)-Isomer .
Quomen .
Wellbutrin .
Zyban (Anti-Smoking) .
Zyntabac .
A unicyclic, aminoketone antidepressant. The mechanism of its therapeutic actions is not well understood, but it does appear to block dopamine uptake. The hydrochloride is available as an aid to smoking cessation treatment. .
0.35
502760
 
Domperidone .
Apo-Domperidone .
Domidon .
Domperidon .
Domperidon AL .
Domperidon Hexal .
Domperidon Stada .
Domperidon-TEVA .
Domperidona Gamir .
Domperidone Maleate .
Domperidone Maleate (1:1) .
Domperidone Monohydrochloride .
Gastrocure .
Motilium .
Nauzelin .
Novo-Domperidone .
Nu-Domperidone .
PMS-Domperidone .
Péridys .
R-33,812 .
R-33812 .
Ratio-Domperidone .
Apo Domperidone .
Domperidon TEVA .
Gamir, Domperidona .
Hexal, Domperidon .
Maleate, Domperidone .
Monohydrochloride, Domperidone .
Novo Domperidone .
Nu Domperidone .
PMS Domperidone .
R33,812 .
R33812 .
Ratio Domperidone .
Stada, Domperidon .
A specific blocker of dopamine receptors. It speeds gastrointestinal peristalsis, causes prolactin release, and is used as antiemetic and tool in the study of dopaminergic mechanisms. .
0.34
561681
 
Levodopa .
3-Hydroxy-L-tyrosine .
Dopaflex .
Dopar .
L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine .
Larodopa .
Levopa .
3 Hydroxy L tyrosine .
L 3,4 Dihydroxyphenylalanine .
L Dopa .
L-Dopa .
The naturally occurring form of DIHYDROXYPHENYLALANINE and the immediate precursor of DOPAMINE. Unlike dopamine itself, it can be taken orally and crosses the blood-brain barrier. It is rapidly taken up by dopaminergic neurons and converted to DOPAMINE. It is used for the treatment of PARKINSONIAN DISORDERS and is usually given with agents that inhibit its conversion to dopamine outside of the central nervous system. .
0.34
19415124
 
Quinine .
Biquinate .
Legatrim .
Myoquin .
Quinamm .
Quinbisan .
Quinbisul .
Quindan .
Quinimax .
Quinine Bisulfate .
Quinine Hydrochloride .
Quinine Lafran .
Quinine Sulfate .
Quinine Sulphate .
Quinine-Odan .
Quinoctal .
Quinson .
Quinsul .
Strema .
Surquina .
Bisulfate, Quinine .
Hydrochloride, Quinine .
Sulfate, Quinine .
Sulphate, Quinine .
An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood. .
0.34
695399
 
Calcium .
Blood Coagulation Factor IV .
Calcium-40 .
Calcium 40 .
Factor IV, Coagulation .
Factor IV .
Coagulation Factor IV .
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes. .
0.33
1386247261
 
Streptococcus oralis .
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria that is numerous in the mouth and throat. It is a common cause of endocarditis and is also implicated in dental plaque formation. .
0.33
10364