serw-MX  [xml]  
 


    
 DeCS Categories

D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.033 Alcohols .
D02.033.100 Amino Alcohols .
D02.033.100.350 Heptaminol .
D02.092 Amines .
D02.092.063 Amino Alcohols .
D02.092.063.350 Heptaminol .
D02.092.877 Quaternary Ammonium Compounds .
D02.092.877.883 Trimethyl Ammonium Compounds .
D02.092.877.883.333 Choline .
D02.092.877.883.333.780 Succinylcholine .
D02.241 Carboxylic Acids .
D02.241.081 Acids, Acyclic .
D02.241.081.337 Dicarboxylic Acids .
D02.241.081.337.759 Succinates .
D02.241.081.337.759.875 Succinylcholine .
D02.675 Onium Compounds .
D02.675.276 Quaternary Ammonium Compounds .
D02.675.276.232 Choline .
D02.675.276.232.780 Succinylcholine .
D03 Heterocyclic Compounds .
D03.132 Alkaloids .
D03.132.098 Benzylisoquinolines .
D03.132.098.038 Aporphines .
D03.132.098.038.290 Apomorphine .
D03.132.206 Cinchona Alkaloids .
D03.132.206.719 Quinine .
D03.383 Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring .
D03.383.129 Azoles .
D03.383.129.308 Imidazoles .
D03.383.129.308.432 Imidazolidines .
D03.383.129.308.432.555 Hydantoins .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.287 Dantrolene .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.730 Phenytoin .
D03.383.663 Pyrans .
D03.383.663.283 Benzopyrans .
D03.383.663.283.266 Chromones .
D03.383.663.283.266.450 Flavonoids .
D03.383.663.283.266.450.260 Flavones .
D03.383.663.283.266.450.260.444 Flavoxate .
D03.383.725 Pyridines .
D03.383.725.203 Dihydropyridines .
D03.383.725.203.510 Nicardipine .
D03.383.725.762 Pyridinium Compounds .
D03.383.725.762.740 Pyridostigmine Bromide .
D03.605 Heterocyclic Compounds, Bridged-Ring .
D03.605.687 Quinuclidines .
D03.605.687.762 Quinine .
D03.633 Heterocyclic Compounds, Fused-Ring .
D03.633.100 Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring .
D03.633.100.150 Benzopyrans .
D03.633.100.150.266 Chromones .
D03.633.100.150.266.450 Flavonoids .
D03.633.100.150.266.450.260 Flavones .
D03.633.100.150.266.450.260.444 Flavoxate .
D03.633.100.221 Benzoxazoles .
D03.633.100.221.950 Zoxazolamine .
D03.633.100.531 Isoquinolines .
D03.633.100.531.085 Benzylisoquinolines .
D03.633.100.531.085.030 Aporphines .
D03.633.100.531.085.030.290 Apomorphine .
D03.633.100.810 Quinolines .
D03.633.100.810.762 Quinine .
D03.633.400 Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings .
D03.633.400.095 Aporphines .
D03.633.400.095.290 Apomorphine .
 
 Terms
 Synonyms & Historicals
Documents
LILACS e MDL
 
Phenytoin .
5,5-Diphenylhydantoin .
5,5-diphenylimidazolidine-2,4-dione .
Antisacer .
Difenin .
Dihydan .
Dilantin .
Epamin .
Epanutin .
Hydantol .
Phenytoin Sodium .
Sodium Diphenylhydantoinate .
Diphenylhydantoinate, Sodium .
Diphenylhydantoin .
Fenitoin .
An anticonvulsant that is used to treat a wide variety of seizures. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Phenytoin has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its many adverse effects and interactions with other drugs. .
1.00
23912689
 
Flavoxate .
Bladuril .
Flavoxate Hydrochloride .
Spasuret .
Urispas .
Uronid .
Hydrochloride, Flavoxate .
A drug that has been used in various urinary syndromes and as an antispasmodic. Its therapeutic usefulness and its mechanism of action are not clear. It may have local anesthetic activity and direct relaxing effects on smooth muscle as well as some activity as a muscarinic antagonist. .
0.44
2108
 
Zoxazolamine .
A uricosuric and muscle relaxant. Zoxazolamine acts centrally as a muscle relaxant, but the mechanism of its action is not understood. .
0.42
0301
 
Apomorphine .
Apokinon .
Apomorphin-Teclapharm .
Apomorphine Chloride .
Apomorphine Hydrochloride .
Apomorphine Hydrochloride Anhydrous .
Apomorphine Hydrochloride, Anhydrous .
Apomorphine Hydrochloride, Hemihydrate .
Britaject .
Anhydrous Apomorphine Hydrochloride .
Anhydrous, Apomorphine Hydrochloride .
Apomorphin Teclapharm .
ApomorphinTeclapharm .
Chloride, Apomorphine .
Hemihydrate Apomorphine Hydrochloride .
Hydrochloride Anhydrous, Apomorphine .
Hydrochloride, Anhydrous Apomorphine .
Hydrochloride, Apomorphine .
Hydrochloride, Hemihydrate Apomorphine .
A derivative of morphine that is a dopamine D2 agonist. It is a powerful emetic and has been used for that effect in acute poisoning. It has also been used in the diagnosis and treatment of parkinsonism, but its adverse effects limit its use. .
0.42
528590
 
Heptaminol .
Cardiomax .
Heptaminol Hydrochloride .
An amino alcohol that has been used as a myocardial stimulant and vasodilator and to relieve bronchospasm. Its most common therapeutic use is in orthostatic hypotension. The mechanism of heptaminol's therapeutic actions is not well understood although it has been suggested to affect catecholamine release or calcium metabolism. .
0.41
242
 
Dantrolene .
Dantrium .
Dantrolene Sodium .
Sodium, Dantrolene .
Skeletal muscle relaxant that acts by interfering with excitation-contraction coupling in the muscle fiber. It is used in spasticity and other neuromuscular abnormalities. Although the mechanism of action is probably not central, dantrolene is usually grouped with the central muscle relaxants. .
0.40
421817
 
Succinylcholine .
Anectine .
Celocurine .
Ditilin .
Listenon .
Lysthenon .
Myorelaxin .
Quelicin .
Succicuran .
Succinylcholine Chloride .
Succinylcholine Dibromide .
Succinylcholine Dichloride .
Succinylcholine Dichloride, Di-H2O .
Succinylcholine Diiodide .
Succinylcholine Diperchlorate .
Succinylcholine Iodide .
Suxamethonium Bromide .
Suxamethonium Chloride .
Bromide, Suxamethonium .
Dibromide, Succinylcholine .
Dichloride, Succinylcholine .
Diiodide, Succinylcholine .
Diperchlorate, Succinylcholine .
Succinylcholine Dichloride, Di H2O .
Succinyldicholine .
Suxamethonium .
A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for. .
0.40
975170
 
Nicardipine .
Antagonil .
Cardene .
Cardene I.V. .
Cardene SR .
Dagan .
Flusemide .
Lecibral .
Lincil .
Loxen .
Lucenfal .
Nicardipine Hydrochloride .
Nicardipine LA .
Nicardipino Ratiopharm .
Nicardipino Seid .
Perdipine .
Ridene .
Vasonase .
Y-93 13127 .
Hydrochloride, Nicardipine .
LA, Nicardipine .
Y 93 13127 .
Y93 13127 .
A potent calcium channel blockader with marked vasodilator action. It has antihypertensive properties and is effective in the treatment of angina and coronary spasms without showing cardiodepressant effects. It has also been used in the treatment of asthma and enhances the action of specific antineoplastic agents. .
0.39
122449
 
Pyridostigmine Bromide .
Mestinon .
Pyridostigmine .
Bromide, Pyridostigmine .
A cholinesterase inhibitor with a slightly longer duration of action than NEOSTIGMINE. It is used in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and to reverse the actions of muscle relaxants. .
0.39
261490
 
Quinine .
Biquinate .
Legatrim .
Myoquin .
Quinamm .
Quinbisan .
Quinbisul .
Quindan .
Quinimax .
Quinine Bisulfate .
Quinine Hydrochloride .
Quinine Lafran .
Quinine Sulfate .
Quinine Sulphate .
Quinine-Odan .
Quinoctal .
Quinson .
Quinsul .
Strema .
Surquina .
Bisulfate, Quinine .
Hydrochloride, Quinine .
Sulfate, Quinine .
Sulphate, Quinine .
An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood. .
0.39
685399