serw-MX  [xml]  
 


    
 DeCS Categories

D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.092 Amines .
D02.092.146 Aniline Compounds .
D02.092.146.350 Diphenylamine .
D02.092.471 Ethylamines .
D02.092.471.320 Diphenhydramine .
D02.455 Hydrocarbons .
D02.455.326 Hydrocarbons, Acyclic .
D02.455.326.271 Alkenes .
D02.455.326.271.665 Polyenes .
D02.455.326.271.665.250 Diphenylhexatriene .
D02.455.426 Hydrocarbons, Cyclic .
D02.455.426.559 Hydrocarbons, Aromatic .
D02.455.426.559.389 Benzene Derivatives .
D02.455.426.559.389.115 Benzhydryl Compounds .
D02.455.426.559.389.115.250 Diphenhydramine .
D03 Heterocyclic Compounds .
D03.383 Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring .
D03.383.129 Azoles .
D03.383.129.308 Imidazoles .
D03.383.129.308.432 Imidazolidines .
D03.383.129.308.432.555 Hydantoins .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.730 Phenytoin .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.868 Thiohydantoins .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.868.650 Phenylthiohydantoin .
D03.383.129.462 Oxazoles .
D03.383.129.462.673 Pemoline .
 
 Terms
 Synonyms & Historicals
Documents
LILACS e MDL
 
Phenytoin .
5,5-Diphenylhydantoin .
5,5-diphenylimidazolidine-2,4-dione .
Antisacer .
Difenin .
Dihydan .
Dilantin .
Epamin .
Epanutin .
Hydantol .
Phenytoin Sodium .
Sodium Diphenylhydantoinate .
Diphenylhydantoinate, Sodium .
Diphenylhydantoin .
Fenitoin .
An anticonvulsant that is used to treat a wide variety of seizures. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Phenytoin has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its many adverse effects and interactions with other drugs. .
1.00
23912689
 
Diphenhydramine .
2-Diphenylmethoxy-N,N-dimethylethylamine .
Allerdryl .
Benadryl .
Benylin .
Benzhydramine .
Dimedrol .
Diphenhydramine Citrate .
Diphenhydramine Citrate (1:1) .
Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride .
Diphenylhydramine .
Dormin .
Citrate, Diphenhydramine .
Hydrochloride, Diphenhydramine .
Benhydramin .
Diphenylhydramin .
A histamine H1 antagonist used as an antiemetic, antitussive, for dermatoses and pruritus, for hypersensitivity reactions, as a hypnotic, an antiparkinson, and as an ingredient in common cold preparations. It has some undesired antimuscarinic and sedative effects. .
0.72
193037
 
Diphenylamine .
In humans it may be irritating to mucous membranes. Methemoglobinemia has been produced experimentally. In veterinary use, it is one of active ingredients in topical agents for prevention and treatment of screwworm infestation. An indicator in tests for nitrate poisoning. .
0.59
5729
 
Pemoline .
Cylert .
PemADD .
Pemoline Compounds .
Pemoline Magnesium .
Tradon .
Compounds, Pemoline .
Magnesium, Pemoline .
Phenoxazole .
Phenylisohydantoin .
A central nervous system stimulant used in fatigue and depressive states and to treat hyperkinetic disorders in children. .
0.56
2456
 
Phenylthiohydantoin .
Thiohydantoin benzene derivative. .
0.55
2702
 
Diphenylhexatriene .
1,6-Diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene .
1,6-Diphenylhexatriene .
1,6 Diphenylhexatriene .
A fluorescent compound that emits light only in specific configurations in certain lipid media. It is used as a tool in the study of membrane lipids. .
0.54
0985