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 DeCS Categories

C02 Virus Diseases .
C02.782 RNA Virus Infections .
C02.782.815 Retroviridae Infections .
C02.782.815.200 Deltaretrovirus Infections .
C02.782.815.200.470 HTLV-I Infections .
C02.782.815.200.470.710 Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic .
C03 Parasitic Diseases .
C03.105 Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections .
C03.105.300 Central Nervous System Protozoal Infections .
C03.105.300.500 Malaria, Cerebral .
C03.752 Protozoan Infections .
C03.752.530 Malaria .
C03.752.530.620 Malaria, Cerebral .
C04 Neoplasms .
C04.588 Neoplasms by Site .
C04.588.614 Nervous System Neoplasms .
C04.588.614.550 Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System .
C04.588.614.550.550 Myelitis, Transverse .
C04.730 Paraneoplastic Syndromes .
C04.730.856 Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System .
C04.730.856.543 Myelitis, Transverse .
C09 Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases .
C09.218 Ear Diseases .
C09.218.807 Retrocochlear Diseases .
C09.218.807.800 Vestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases .
C09.218.807.800.837 Vestibular Neuronitis .
C10 Nervous System Diseases .
C10.114 Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System .
C10.114.375 Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS .
C10.114.375.225 Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated .
C10.114.375.225.500 Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
C10.114.375.362 Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
C10.114.375.500 Multiple Sclerosis .
C10.114.375.500.600 Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting .
C10.114.375.600 Myelitis, Transverse .
C10.114.750 Polyradiculoneuropathy .
C10.114.750.100 Guillain-Barre Syndrome .
C10.228 Central Nervous System Diseases .
C10.228.140 Brain Diseases .
C10.228.140.380 Dementia .
C10.228.140.380.100 Alzheimer Disease .
C10.228.140.695 Leukoencephalopathies .
C10.228.140.695.562 Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS .
C10.228.140.695.562.225 Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated .
C10.228.140.695.562.225.500 Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
C10.228.140.695.562.375 Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
C10.228.228 Central Nervous System Infections .
C10.228.228.205 Central Nervous System Parasitic Infections .
C10. Central Nervous System Protozoal Infections .
C10. Malaria, Cerebral .
C10.228.228.618 Myelitis .
C10.228.228.618.250 Myelitis, Transverse .
C10.228.228.618.500 Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic .
C10.228.854 Spinal Cord Diseases .
C10.228.854.525 Myelitis .
C10.228.854.525.553 Myelitis, Transverse .
C10.228.854.525.700 Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic .
C10.228.854.785 Spinal Cord Vascular Diseases .
C10.228.854.785.650 Spinal Cord Ischemia .
C10.228.854.785.650.100 Anterior Spinal Artery Syndrome .
C10.292 Cranial Nerve Diseases .
C10.292.910 Vestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases .
C10.292.910.850 Vestibular Neuronitis .
C10.314 Demyelinating Diseases .
C10.314.350 Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS .
C10.314.350.225 Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated .
C10.314.350.225.500 Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
C10.314.350.375 Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
C10.314.350.500 Multiple Sclerosis .
C10.314.350.500.600 Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting .
C10.314.350.600 Myelitis, Transverse .
C10.314.750 Polyradiculoneuropathy .
C10.314.750.450 Guillain-Barre Syndrome .
C10.574 Neurodegenerative Diseases .
C10.574.781 Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System .
C10.574.781.625 Myelitis, Transverse .
C10.574.945 Tauopathies .
C10.574.945.249 Alzheimer Disease .
C10.668 Neuromuscular Diseases .
C10.668.829 Peripheral Nervous System Diseases .
C10.668.829.350 Guillain-Barre Syndrome .
C10.668.829.800 Polyneuropathies .
C10.668.829.800.750 Polyradiculoneuropathy .
C10.668.829.800.750.300 Guillain-Barre Syndrome .
C14 Cardiovascular Diseases .
C14.907 Vascular Diseases .
C14.907.790 Spinal Cord Vascular Diseases .
C14.907.790.550 Spinal Cord Ischemia .
C14.907.790.550.100 Anterior Spinal Artery Syndrome .
C20 Immune System Diseases .
C20.111 Autoimmune Diseases .
C20.111.258 Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System .
C20.111.258.250 Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS .
C20. Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated .
C20. Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
C20. Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
C20. Multiple Sclerosis .
C20. Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting .
C20. Myelitis, Transverse .
C20.111.258.750 Polyradiculoneuropathy .
C20.111.258.750.400 Guillain-Barre Syndrome .
F03 Mental Disorders .
F03.615 Neurocognitive Disorders .
F03.615.400 Dementia .
F03.615.400.100 Alzheimer Disease .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Myelitis, Transverse .
Myelitis, Acute Transverse .
Myelitis, Necrotizing .
Myelitis, Paraneoplastic .
Myelitis, Postinfectious .
Myelitis, Postvaccinal .
Myelitis, Subacute Transverse .
Postinfectious Myelitis .
Transverse Myelopathy Syndrome .
Acute Transverse Myelitis .
Myelitides, Subacute Transverse .
Myelitis, Demyelinative .
Necrotizing Myelitis .
Paraneoplastic Myelitis .
Postvaccinal Myelitis .
Subacute Transverse Myelitis .
Transverse Myelitis, Acute .
Transverse Myelitis, Subacute .
Transverse Myelopathy Syndromes .
Demyelinative Myelitis .
Transverse Myelitis .
Inflammation of a transverse portion of the spinal cord characterized by acute or subacute segmental demyelination or necrosis. The condition may occur sporadically, follow an infection or vaccination, or present as a paraneoplastic syndrome (see also ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ACUTE DISSEMINATED). Clinical manifestations include motor weakness, sensory loss, and incontinence. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1242-6) .
Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic .
Familial Spastic Paraparesis, Htlv-1-Associated .
HTLV I Associated Myelopathies .
HTLV-I-Associated Myelopathy-Tropical Spastic Paraparesis .
Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Associated Myelopathy .
Myelopathies, HTLV I Associated .
Myelopathy, Htlv-1-Associated .
Myelopathy, Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Associated .
Paraplegia, Tropical Spastic .
Familial Spastic Paraparesis, Htlv 1 Associated .
HTLV I Associated Myelopathy .
HTLV I Associated Myelopathy Tropical Spastic Paraparesis .
HTLV-I-Associated Myelopathies .
Htlv-1-Associated Myelopathies .
Htlv-1-Associated Myelopathy .
Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Associated Myelopathy .
Myelopathies, HTLV-I-Associated .
Myelopathies, Htlv-1-Associated .
Myelopathy, HTLV-I-Associated .
Myelopathy, Htlv 1 Associated .
Myelopathy, Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 Associated .
Parapareses, Tropical Spastic .
Paraplegias, Tropical Spastic .
Spastic Parapareses, Tropical .
Spastic Paraparesis, Tropical .
Spastic Paraplegia, Tropical .
Spastic Paraplegias, Tropical .
Tropical Spastic Parapareses .
Tropical Spastic Paraplegia .
Tropical Spastic Paraplegias .
Tropical Spastic Paraparesis .
HTLV-I-Associated Myelopathy .
A subacute paralytic myeloneuropathy occurring endemically in tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Colombia, India, and Africa, as well as in the southwestern region of Japan; associated with infection by HUMAN T-CELL LEUKEMIA VIRUS I. Clinical manifestations include a slowly progressive spastic weakness of the legs, increased reflexes, Babinski signs, incontinence, and loss of vibratory and position sensation. On pathologic examination inflammatory, demyelination, and necrotic lesions may be found in the spinal cord. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1239) .
Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated .
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis .
Disseminated Encephalomyelitis, Acute .
Encephalitis, Postvaccinal .
Encephalitis, Vaccination .
Encephalomyelitis, Postexanthem .
Encephalomyelitis, Postinfectious .
Post-Vaccinal Encephalitis .
Postexanthem Encephalomyelitis .
Postvaccinal Encephalitis .
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitides .
Disseminated Encephalomyelitides, Acute .
Encephalitides, Post-Vaccinal .
Encephalitis, Post Vaccinal .
Encephalomyelitides, Acute Disseminated .
Encephalomyelitides, Post-Vaccinal .
Encephalomyelitis, Post-Vaccinal .
Post Vaccinal Encephalitis .
Post Vaccinal Encephalomyelitis .
Post-Vaccinal Encephalitides .
Post-Vaccinal Encephalomyelitides .
Vaccination Encephalitis .
Encephalitis, Post-Vaccinal .
Post-Vaccinal Encephalomyelitis .
Postinfectious Encephalomyelitis .
An acute or subacute inflammatory process of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM characterized histologically by multiple foci of perivascular demyelination. Symptom onset usually occurs several days after an acute viral infection or immunization, but it may coincide with the onset of infection or rarely no antecedent event can be identified. Clinical manifestations include CONFUSION, somnolence, FEVER, nuchal rigidity, and involuntary movements. The illness may progress to COMA and eventually be fatal. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p921) .
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting .
Acute Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis .
Remitting-Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis .
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing Remitting .
Multiple Sclerosis, Remitting-Relapsing .
Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis .
Remitting Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis .
Multiple Sclerosis, Acute Relapsing .
Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis .
The most common clinical variant of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of neurologic dysfunction followed by partial or complete recovery. Common clinical manifestations include loss of visual (see OPTIC NEURITIS), motor, sensory, or bladder function. Acute episodes of demyelination may occur at any site in the central nervous system, and commonly involve the optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914) .
Guillain-Barre Syndrome .
Acute Infectious Polyneuritis .
Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy .
Acute Inflammatory Polyradiculoneuropathy .
Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy, Acute Inflammatory .
Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Familial .
Guillain-Barré Syndrome .
Guillaine-Barre Syndrome .
Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy, Acute .
Inflammatory Polyneuropathy Acute .
Polyneuropathy, Acute Inflammatory .
Polyneuropathy, Inflammatory Demyelinating, Acute .
Polyradiculoneuropathy, Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating .
Acute Autoimmune Neuropathies .
Acute Inflammatory Polyneuropathies .
Acute Inflammatory Polyradiculoneuropathies .
Acute, Inflammatory Polyneuropathy .
Autoimmune Neuropathies, Acute .
Autoimmune Neuropathy, Acute .
Guillain Barre Syndrome .
Guillaine Barre Syndrome .
Inflammatory Polyneuropathies, Acute .
Inflammatory Polyneuropathy Acutes .
Inflammatory Polyneuropathy, Acute .
Inflammatory Polyradiculoneuropathies, Acute .
Landry Guillain Barre Syndrome .
Neuropathies, Acute Autoimmune .
Neuropathy, Acute Autoimmune .
Polyneuropathies, Acute Inflammatory .
Polyneuropathy Acute, Inflammatory .
Polyradiculoneuropathies, Acute Inflammatory .
Syndrome, Guillain-Barre .
Syndrome, Guillaine-Barre .
Syndrome, Landry-Guillain-Barre .
Acute Autoimmune Neuropathy .
Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy .
Acute Inflammatory Polyneuropathy .
Landry-Guillain-Barre Syndrome .
Polyradiculoneuropathy, Acute Inflammatory .
AIDP 22027 .
An acute inflammatory autoimmune neuritis caused by T cell- mediated cellular immune response directed towards peripheral myelin. Demyelination occurs in peripheral nerves and nerve roots. The process is often preceded by a viral or bacterial infection, surgery, immunization, lymphoma, or exposure to toxins. Common clinical manifestations include progressive weakness, loss of sensation, and loss of deep tendon reflexes. Weakness of respiratory muscles and autonomic dysfunction may occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1312-1314) .
Leukoencephalitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
Acute Hemorrhagic Encephalomyelitis .
Acute Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitis .
Encephalomyelitis, Acute Necrotizing Hemorrhagic .
Encephalomyelitis, Hemorrhagic Necrotizing .
Encephalomyelitis, Necrotizing Hemorrhagic .
Hemorrhagic Encephalomyelitis, Necrotizing .
Hemorrhagic Necrotizing Encephalomyelitis .
Hurst Syndrome .
Hurst's Disease .
Leukoencephalitis Acuta Hemorrhagica .
Leukoencephalitis, Subacute Hemorrhagic .
Necrotizing Encephalomyelitis, Hemorrhagic .
Acute Hemorrhagic Encephalomyelitides .
Acute Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitides .
Acute Necrotizing Encephalitides .
Acute Necrotizing Encephalitis .
Disease, Hurst .
Disease, Hurst's .
Encephalitides, Acute Necrotizing .
Encephalomyelitides, Acute Hemorrhagic .
Encephalomyelitides, Hemorrhagic Necrotizing .
Encephalomyelitis, Acute Hemorrhagic .
Hemorrhagic Encephalomyelitides, Acute .
Hemorrhagic Encephalomyelitides, Necrotizing .
Hemorrhagic Encephalomyelitis, Acute .
Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitides, Acute .
Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitides, Subacute .
Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitis, Acute .
Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitis, Subacute .
Hursts Disease .
Leukoencephalitides, Acute Hemorrhagic .
Leukoencephalitides, Subacute Hemorrhagic .
Necrotizing Encephalitides, Acute .
Necrotizing Encephalitis, Acute .
Necrotizing Encephalomyelitides, Hemorrhagic .
Necrotizing Hemorrhagic Encephalomyelitides .
Subacute Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitides .
Subacute Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitis .
Syndrome, Hurst .
Necrotizing Hemorrhagic Encephalomyelitis .
Encephalitis, Acute Necrotizing .
Hurst Disease .
A fulminant and often fatal demyelinating disease of the brain which primarily affects young adults and children. Clinical features include the rapid onset of weakness, SEIZURES, and COMA. It may follow a viral illness or MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE infections but in most instances there is no precipitating event. Pathologic examination reveals marked perivascular demyelination and necrosis of white matter with microhemorrhages. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp924-5) .
Anterior Spinal Artery Syndrome .
Dissection, Anterior Spinal Artery .
Syndrome, Anterior Spinal Artery .
Anterior Spinal Artery Dissection .
Ischemia or infarction of the spinal cord in the distribution of the anterior spinal artery, which supplies the ventral two-thirds of the spinal cord. This condition is usually associated with ATHEROSCLEROSIS of the aorta and may result from dissection of an AORTIC ANEURYSM or rarely dissection of the anterior spinal artery. Clinical features include weakness and loss of pain and temperature sensation below the level of injury, with relative sparing of position and vibratory sensation. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1249-50) .
Malaria, Cerebral .
Meningitis, Malaria .
Cerebral Malaria .
Malaria Meningitis .
A condition characterized by somnolence or coma in the presence of an acute infection with PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM (and rarely other Plasmodium species). Initial clinical manifestations include HEADACHES; SEIZURES; and alterations of mentation followed by a rapid progression to COMA. Pathologic features include cerebral capillaries filled with parasitized erythrocytes and multiple small foci of cortical and subcortical necrosis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p136) .
Alzheimer Disease .
Alzheimer Dementia .
Alzheimer Disease, Early Onset .
Alzheimer Disease, Late Onset .
Alzheimer Sclerosis .
Alzheimer Syndrome .
Alzheimer Type Senile Dementia .
Alzheimer's Disease .
Alzheimer's Disease, Focal Onset .
Alzheimer-Type Dementia (ATD) .
Dementia, Presenile .
Dementia, Primary Senile Degenerative .
Early Onset Alzheimer Disease .
Familial Alzheimer Disease (FAD) .
Focal Onset Alzheimer's Disease .
Late Onset Alzheimer Disease .
Primary Senile Degenerative Dementia .
Senile Dementia, Acute Confusional .
Alzheimer Dementias .
Alzheimer Disease, Familial (FAD) .
Alzheimer Diseases, Familial (FAD) .
Alzheimer Type Dementia .
Alzheimer Type Dementia (ATD) .
Dementia, Alzheimer .
Dementia, Alzheimer-Type (ATD) .
Dementias, Alzheimer .
Familial Alzheimer Diseases (FAD) .
Presenile Dementia .
Sclerosis, Alzheimer .
Senile Dementia .
Dementia, Senile .
Acute Confusional Senile Dementia .
Dementia, Alzheimer Type .
Presenile Alzheimer Dementia .
Senile Dementia, Alzheimer Type .
A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57) .
Vestibular Neuronitis .
Acute Peripheral Vestibulopathy .
Acute Vestibular Neuritis .
Episodic Recurrent Vertigo .
Recurrent Vestibular Neuritis .
Recurrent Vestibulopathy .
Subacute Vestibular Neuritis .
Vestibular Nerve Inflammation .
Vestibular Nerve Neuritis .
Vestibular Neuritis .
Vestibular Neuropathy .
Acute Peripheral Vestibulopathies .
Acute Vestibular Neuritides .
Epidemic Neurolabyrinthitides .
Episodic Recurrent Vertigos .
Inflammation, Vestibular Nerve .
Inflammations, Vestibular Nerve .
Nerve Inflammation, Vestibular .
Nerve Inflammations, Vestibular .
Nerve Neuritides, Vestibular .
Nerve Neuritis, Vestibular .
Neuritides, Acute Vestibular .
Neuritides, Recurrent Vestibular .
Neuritides, Subacute Vestibular .
Neuritides, Vestibular .
Neuritides, Vestibular Nerve .
Neuritis, Acute Vestibular .
Neuritis, Recurrent Vestibular .
Neuritis, Subacute Vestibular .
Neuritis, Vestibular Nerve .
Neurolabyrinthitides, Epidemic .
Neurolabyrinthitis, Epidemic .
Neuronitides, Vestibular .
Neuropathies, Vestibular .
Neuropathy, Vestibular .
Peripheral Vestibulopathies, Acute .
Peripheral Vestibulopathy, Acute .
Recurrent Vertigo, Episodic .
Recurrent Vertigos, Episodic .
Recurrent Vestibular Neuritides .
Recurrent Vestibulopathies .
Subacute Vestibular Neuritides .
Vertigo, Episodic Recurrent .
Vertigos, Episodic Recurrent .
Vestibular Nerve Inflammations .
Vestibular Nerve Neuritides .
Vestibular Neuritides .
Vestibular Neuritides, Acute .
Vestibular Neuritides, Recurrent .
Vestibular Neuritides, Subacute .
Vestibular Neuritis, Acute .
Vestibular Neuritis, Recurrent .
Vestibular Neuritis, Subacute .
Vestibular Neuronitides .
Vestibular Neuropathies .
Vestibulopathies, Acute Peripheral .
Vestibulopathies, Recurrent .
Vestibulopathy, Acute Peripheral .
Vestibulopathy, Recurrent .
Epidemic Neurolabyrinthitis .
Neuritis, Vestibular .
Neuronitis, Vestibular .
Idiopathic inflammation of the VESTIBULAR NERVE, characterized clinically by the acute or subacute onset of VERTIGO; NAUSEA; and imbalance. The COCHLEAR NERVE is typically spared and HEARING LOSS and TINNITUS do not usually occur. Symptoms usually resolve over a period of days to weeks. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p304) .