serw-MX  [xml]  
 


    
 DeCS Categories

D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.092 Amines .
D02.092.146 Aniline Compounds .
D02.455 Hydrocarbons .
D02.455.426 Hydrocarbons, Cyclic .
D02.455.426.559 Hydrocarbons, Aromatic .
D02.455.426.559.389 Benzene Derivatives .
D02.455.426.559.389.657 Phenols .
D02.455.426.559.389.657.595 Phenol .
D02.455.426.559.847 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons .
D02.455.426.559.847.486 Indenes .
D02.455.426.559.847.486.487 Indans .
D02.455.426.559.847.486.487.750 Phenindione .
D03 Heterocyclic Compounds .
D03.383 Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring .
D03.383.129 Azoles .
D03.383.129.308 Imidazoles .
D03.383.129.308.432 Imidazolidines .
D03.383.129.308.432.555 Hydantoins .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.620 Mephenytoin .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.730 Phenytoin .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.868 Thiohydantoins .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.868.650 Phenylthiohydantoin .
D03.383.129.462 Oxazoles .
D03.383.129.462.673 Pemoline .
D04 Polycyclic Compounds .
D04.615 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons .
D04.615.486 Indenes .
D04.615.486.487 Indans .
D04.615.486.487.750 Phenindione .
 
 Terms
 Synonyms & Historicals
Documents
LILACS e MDL
 
Phenytoin .
5,5-Diphenylhydantoin .
5,5-diphenylimidazolidine-2,4-dione .
Antisacer .
Difenin .
Dihydan .
Dilantin .
Epamin .
Epanutin .
Hydantol .
Phenytoin Sodium .
Sodium Diphenylhydantoinate .
Diphenylhydantoinate, Sodium .
Diphenylhydantoin .
Fenitoin .
An anticonvulsant that is used to treat a wide variety of seizures. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Phenytoin has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its many adverse effects and interactions with other drugs. .
1.00
24012689
 
Mephenytoin .
5-Ethyl-3-Methyl-5-Phenylhydantoin .
Mefenetoin .
Mesantoin .
Phenantoin .
5 Ethyl 3 Methyl 5 Phenylhydantoin .
Phenetoin, Methyl .
Methoin .
Methyl Phenetoin .
An anticonvulsant effective in tonic-clonic epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). It may cause blood dyscrasias. .
0.66
0436
 
Phenindione .
2-Phenyl-1,3-indandione .
Dindevan .
Fenilin .
Phenylindanedione .
Phenyline .
Pindione .
2 Phenyl 1,3 indandione .
An indandione that has been used as an anticoagulant. Phenindione has actions similar to WARFARIN, but it is now rarely employed because of its higher incidence of severe adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p234) .
0.58
0507
 
Phenol .
Carbol .
Carbolic Acid .
Hydroxybenzene .
Phenol, Sodium Salt .
Phenolate Sodium .
Sodium Phenolate .
Phenolate, Sodium .
An antiseptic and disinfectant aromatic alcohol. .
0.56
574458
 
Pemoline .
Cylert .
PemADD .
Pemoline Compounds .
Pemoline Magnesium .
Tradon .
Compounds, Pemoline .
Magnesium, Pemoline .
Phenoxazole .
Phenylisohydantoin .
A central nervous system stimulant used in fatigue and depressive states and to treat hyperkinetic disorders in children. .
0.55
2456
 
Phenylthiohydantoin .
Thiohydantoin benzene derivative. .
0.54
2702
 
Aniline Compounds .
Anilines .
Compounds, Aniline .
Phenylamines .
Compounds that include the aminobenzene structure. .
0.53
1313856