serw-MX  [xml]  
 


    
 DeCS Categories

D01 Inorganic Chemicals .
D01.268 Elements .
D01.268.549 Metals, Alkali .
D01.268.549.750 Sodium .
D01.268.557 Metals, Light .
D01.268.557.650 Sodium .
D01.552 Metals .
D01.552.528 Metals, Alkali .
D01.552.528.850 Sodium .
D01.552.547 Metals, Light .
D01.552.547.725 Sodium .
D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.065 Amides .
D02.065.589 Lactams .
D02.065.589.099 beta-Lactams .
D02.065.589.099.750 Penicillins .
D02.065.589.099.750.750 Penicillin G .
D02.065.589.099.750.750.170 Carbenicillin .
D02.065.589.099.750.750.170.200 Carfecillin .
D02.455 Hydrocarbons .
D02.455.426 Hydrocarbons, Cyclic .
D02.455.426.559 Hydrocarbons, Aromatic .
D02.455.426.559.389 Benzene Derivatives .
D02.455.426.559.389.657 Phenols .
D02.455.426.559.389.657.595 Phenol .
D02.886 Sulfur Compounds .
D02.886.108 beta-Lactams .
D02.886.108.750 Penicillins .
D02.886.108.750.750 Penicillin G .
D02.886.108.750.750.170 Carbenicillin .
D02.886.108.750.750.170.200 Carfecillin .
D03 Heterocyclic Compounds .
D03.383 Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring .
D03.383.129 Azoles .
D03.383.129.308 Imidazoles .
D03.383.129.308.432 Imidazolidines .
D03.383.129.308.432.555 Hydantoins .
D03.383.129.308.432.555.730 Phenytoin .
D03.383.742 Pyrimidines .
D03.383.742.698 Pyrimidinones .
D03.383.742.698.253 Barbiturates .
D03.383.742.698.253.650 Phenobarbital .
D03.633 Heterocyclic Compounds, Fused-Ring .
D03.633.100 Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring .
D03.633.100.300 beta-Lactams .
D03.633.100.300.750 Penicillins .
D03.633.100.300.750.750 Penicillin G .
D03.633.100.300.750.750.170 Carbenicillin .
D03.633.100.300.750.750.170.200 Carfecillin .
SP4 Environmental Health .
SP4.011 Science .
SP4.011.097 Chemistry .
SP4.011.097.063 Elements .
SP4.011.097.063.984 Sodium .
 
 Terms
 Synonyms & Historicals
Documents
LILACS e MDL
 
Phenytoin .
5,5-Diphenylhydantoin .
5,5-diphenylimidazolidine-2,4-dione .
Antisacer .
Difenin .
Dihydan .
Dilantin .
Epamin .
Epanutin .
Hydantol .
Phenytoin Sodium .
Sodium Diphenylhydantoinate .
Diphenylhydantoinate, Sodium .
Diphenylhydantoin .
Fenitoin .
An anticonvulsant that is used to treat a wide variety of seizures. It is also an anti-arrhythmic and a muscle relaxant. The mechanism of therapeutic action is not clear, although several cellular actions have been described including effects on ion channels, active transport, and general membrane stabilization. The mechanism of its muscle relaxant effect appears to involve a reduction in the sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. Phenytoin has been proposed for several other therapeutic uses, but its use has been limited by its many adverse effects and interactions with other drugs. .
1.00
23912689
 
Phenol .
Carbol .
Carbolic Acid .
Hydroxybenzene .
Phenol, Sodium Salt .
Phenolate Sodium .
Sodium Phenolate .
Phenolate, Sodium .
An antiseptic and disinfectant aromatic alcohol. .
0.71
564458
 
Phenobarbital .
Gardenal .
Hysteps .
Luminal .
Phenobarbital Sodium .
Phenobarbital, Monosodium Salt .
Phenylethylbarbituric Acid .
Acid, Phenylethylbarbituric .
Monosodium Salt Phenobarbital .
Sodium, Phenobarbital .
Phenemal .
Phenobarbitone .
Phenylbarbital .
A barbituric acid derivative that acts as a nonselective central nervous system depressant. It potentiates GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID action on GABA-A RECEPTORS, and modulates chloride currents through receptor channels. It also inhibits glutamate induced depolarizations. .
0.62
16616651
 
Sodium .
Sodium Ion Level .
Sodium-23 .
Ion Level, Sodium .
Level, Sodium Ion .
Sodium 23 .
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23. .
0.60
55793292
 
Carfecillin .
BRL-3475 .
Carfecillin Sodium Salt .
Carphecillin .
Uticillin .
BRL 3475 .
BRL3475 .
Salt, Carfecillin Sodium .
Sodium Salt, Carfecillin .
Carbenicillin Phenyl Sodium .
The phenyl ester of CARBENICILLIN that, upon oral administration, is broken down in the intestinal mucosa to the active antibacterial. It is used for urinary tract infections. .
0.60
021