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 DeCS Categories

D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.241 Carboxylic Acids .
D02.241.223 Acids, Carbocyclic .
D02.241.223.268 Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids .
D02. Quinic Acid .
D02.241.511 Hydroxy Acids .
D02.241.511.764 Quinic Acid .
D03 Heterocyclic Compounds .
D03.132 Alkaloids .
D03.132.206 Cinchona Alkaloids .
D03.132.206.636 Quinidine .
D03.132.206.719 Quinine .
D03.605 Heterocyclic Compounds, Bridged-Ring .
D03.605.687 Quinuclidines .
D03.605.687.637 Quinidine .
D03.605.687.762 Quinine .
D03.633 Heterocyclic Compounds, Fused-Ring .
D03.633.100 Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring .
D03.633.100.810 Quinolines .
D03.633.100.810.699 Quinidine .
D03.633.100.810.762 Quinine .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Quinine .
Biquinate .
Legatrim .
Myoquin .
Quinamm .
Quinbisan .
Quinbisul .
Quindan .
Quinimax .
Quinine Bisulfate .
Quinine Hydrochloride .
Quinine Lafran .
Quinine Sulfate .
Quinine Sulphate .
Quinine-Odan .
Quinoctal .
Quinson .
Quinsul .
Strema .
Surquina .
Bisulfate, Quinine .
Hydrochloride, Quinine .
Sulfate, Quinine .
Sulphate, Quinine .
An alkaloid derived from the bark of the cinchona tree. It is used as an antimalarial drug, and is the active ingredient in extracts of the cinchona that have been used for that purpose since before 1633. Quinine is also a mild antipyretic and analgesic and has been used in common cold preparations for that purpose. It was used commonly and as a bitter and flavoring agent, and is still useful for the treatment of babesiosis. Quinine is also useful in some muscular disorders, especially nocturnal leg cramps and myotonia congenita, because of its direct effects on muscle membrane and sodium channels. The mechanisms of its antimalarial effects are not well understood. .
Quinidine .
Adaquin .
Apo-Quinidine .
Chinidin .
Quincardine .
Quinidex .
Quinidine Sulfate .
Quinora .
Apo Quinidine .
Sulfate, Quinidine .
An optical isomer of quinine, extracted from the bark of the CHINCHONA tree and similar plant species. This alkaloid dampens the excitability of cardiac and skeletal muscles by blocking sodium and potassium currents across cellular membranes. It prolongs cellular ACTION POTENTIALS, and decreases automaticity. Quinidine also blocks muscarinic and alpha-adrenergic neurotransmission. .
Quinic Acid .
Quinate .
Acid, Quinic .
An acid which is found in cinchona bark and elsewhere in plants. (From Stedman, 26th ed) .