serw-MX  [xml]  

 DeCS Categories

H01 Natural Science Disciplines .
H01.158 Biological Science Disciplines .
H01.158.273 Biology .
H01.158.273.602 Natural History .
H01.770 Science .
H01.770.552 Natural History .
I01 Social Sciences .
I01.076 Anthropology .
I01.076.201 Anthropology, Cultural .
I01.076.201.450 Culture .
I01.076.201.450.226 Civilization .
I01.076.201.450.226.800 Western World .
I01.076.201.450.560 Human Body .
K01 Humanities .
K01.093 Art 904 .
K01.093.378 Human Body .
K01.400 History .
K01.400.703 Natural History .
K01.637 Nature .
K01.752 Philosophy .
K01.752.400 Life 21115 .
K01.752.667 Philosophy, Medical .
K01.752.667.400 Empiricism .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Nature .
The system of all phenomena in space and time; the totality of physical reality. It is both a scientific and philosophic concept appearing in all historic eras. (Webster 2d; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division) .
Natural History .
History, Natural .
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division) .
Life 21115 .
The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division) .
Western World .
A historical and cultural entity dispersed across the wide geographical area of Europe, as opposed to the East, Asia, and Africa. The term was used by scholars through the late medieval period. Thereafter, with the impact of colonialism and the transmission of cultures, Western World was sometimes expanded to include the Americas. (Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division) .
Human Body .
Body Parts .
Body Parts and Fluids .
Bodies, Human .
Figure, Human .
Figures, Human .
Human Bodies .
Human Figures .
Parts, Body .
Body, Human .
Human Figure .
The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division) .
Empiricism .
One of the principal schools of medical philosophy in ancient Greece and Rome. It developed in Alexandria between 270 and 220 B.C., the only one to have any success in reviving the essentials of the Hippocratic concept. The Empiricists declared that the search for ultimate causes of phenomena was vain, but they were active in endeavoring to discover immediate causes. The "tripod of the Empirics" was their own chance observations (experience), learning obtained from contemporaries and predecessors (experience of others), and, in the case of new diseases, the formation of conclusions from other diseases which they resembled (analogy). Empiricism enjoyed sporadic continuing popularity in later centuries up to the nineteenth. (From Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed, p186; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division) .