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 DeCS Categories

C02 Virus Diseases .
C02.782 RNA Virus Infections .
C02.782.687 Picornaviridae Infections .
C02.782.687.359 Enterovirus Infections .
C02.782.687.359.764 Poliomyelitis .
C02.782.687.359.764.614 Poliomyelitis, Bulbar .
C05 Musculoskeletal Diseases .
C05.651 Muscular Diseases .
C05.651.460 Mitochondrial Myopathies .
C05.651.460.620 Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathies .
C05.651.512 Muscle Spasticity .
C05.651.534 Muscular Disorders, Atrophic .
C05.651.534.500 Muscular Dystrophies .
C05.651.534.500.300 Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne .
C10 Nervous System Diseases .
C10.228 Central Nervous System Diseases .
C10.228.140 Brain Diseases .
C10.228.140.079 Basal Ganglia Diseases .
C10. Dystonia Musculorum Deformans .
C10. Meige Syndrome .
C10.228.140.163 Brain Diseases, Metabolic .
C10. Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathies .
C10.228.228 Central Nervous System Infections .
C10.228.228.618 Myelitis .
C10.228.228.618.750 Poliomyelitis .
C10.228.228.618.750.500 Poliomyelitis, Bulbar .
C10.228.228.800 Prion Diseases .
C10.228.228.800.435 Kuru 5929 .
C10.228.662 Movement Disorders .
C10.228.662.300 Dystonic Disorders .
C10.228.662.300.200 Dystonia Musculorum Deformans .
C10.228.662.300.500 Meige Syndrome .
C10.228.854 Spinal Cord Diseases .
C10.228.854.525 Myelitis .
C10.228.854.525.850 Poliomyelitis .
C10.228.854.525.850.500 Poliomyelitis, Bulbar .
C10.574 Neurodegenerative Diseases .
C10.574.500 Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System .
C10.574.500.393 Dystonia Musculorum Deformans .
C10.574.843 Prion Diseases .
C10.574.843.625 Kuru 5929 .
C10.597 Neurologic Manifestations .
C10.597.613 Neuromuscular Manifestations .
C10.597.613.550 Muscle Hypertonia .
C10.597.613.550.550 Muscle Spasticity .
C10.597.613.875 Tetany .
C10.668 Neuromuscular Diseases .
C10.668.491 Muscular Diseases .
C10.668.491.175 Muscular Disorders, Atrophic .
C10.668.491.175.500 Muscular Dystrophies .
C10.668.491.175.500.300 Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne .
C10.668.491.500 Mitochondrial Myopathies .
C10.668.491.500.500 Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathies .
C10.668.864 Poliomyelitis .
C10.668.864.250 Poliomyelitis, Bulbar .
C16 Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities .
C16.320 Genetic Diseases, Inborn .
C16.320.322 Genetic Diseases, X-Linked .
C16.320.322.562 Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne .
C16.320.400 Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System .
C16.320.400.330 Dystonia Musculorum Deformans .
C16.320.577 Muscular Dystrophies .
C16.320.577.300 Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne .
C18 Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases .
C18.452 Metabolic Diseases .
C18.452.132 Brain Diseases, Metabolic .
C18.452.132.540 Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathies .
C18.452.174 Calcium Metabolism Disorders .
C18.452.174.509 Hypocalcemia .
C18.452.174.509.700 Tetany .
C18.452.660 Mitochondrial Diseases .
C18.452.660.560 Mitochondrial Myopathies .
C18.452.660.560.620 Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathies .
C23 Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms .
C23.888 Signs and Symptoms .
C23.888.592 Neurologic Manifestations .
C23.888.592.608 Neuromuscular Manifestations .
C23.888.592.608.550 Muscle Hypertonia .
C23.888.592.608.550.550 Muscle Spasticity .
C23.888.592.608.875 Tetany .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Meige Syndrome .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dyskinesia .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome, Idiopathic .
Idiopathic Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome .
Syndrome, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia .
Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dyskinesia .
Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dystonia .
Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome .
Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome, Idiopathic .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dyskinesias .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia Syndromes .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonias .
Dyskinesia, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dyskinesia, Idiopathic Orofacial .
Dyskinesias, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dyskinesias, Idiopathic Orofacial .
Dystonia Syndrome, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dystonia Syndromes, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dystonia, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Dystonias, Blepharospasm-Oromandibular .
Idiopathic Blepharospasm Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome .
Idiopathic Orofacial Dyskinesias .
Orofacial Dyskinesia, Idiopathic .
Orofacial Dyskinesias, Idiopathic .
Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia .
Brueghel Syndrome .
Idiopathic Orofacial Dyskinesia .
A syndrome characterized by orofacial DYSTONIA; including BLEPHAROSPASM; forceful jaw opening; lip retraction; platysma muscle spasm; and tongue protrusion. It primarily affects older adults, with an incidence peak in the seventh decade of life. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p108) .
Muscle Spasticity .
Spastic .
Clasp Knife Spasticity .
Spasticity, Clasp-Knife .
Spasticity, Muscle .
Clasp-Knife Spasticity .
A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54) .
Kuru 5929 .
Encephalopathy, Kuru .
Kuru Encephalopathy .
A prion disease found exclusively among the Fore linguistic group natives of the highlands of NEW GUINEA. The illness is primarily restricted to adult females and children of both sexes. It is marked by the subacute onset of tremor and ataxia followed by motor weakness and incontinence. Death occurs within 3-6 months of disease onset. The condition is associated with ritual cannibalism, and has become rare since this practice has been discontinued. Pathologic features include a noninflammatory loss of neurons that is most prominent in the cerebellum, glial proliferation, and amyloid plaques. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p773) .
Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathies .
Encephalomyopathy, Mitochondrial .
Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy .
Encephalomyopathies, Mitochondrial .
A heterogenous group of disorders characterized by alterations of mitochondrial metabolism that result in muscle and nervous system dysfunction. These are often multisystemic and vary considerably in age at onset (usually in the first or second decade of life), distribution of affected muscles, severity, and course. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp984-5) .
Tetany .
Tetanilla .
Neonatal Tetanies .
Neonatal Tetany .
Spasmophilias .
Tetanies .
Tetanies, Neonatal .
Tetanillas .
Spasmophilia .
Tetany, Neonatal .
A disorder characterized by muscle twitches, cramps, and carpopedal spasm, and when severe, laryngospasm and seizures. This condition is associated with unstable depolarization of axonal membranes, primarily in the peripheral nervous system. Tetany usually results from HYPOCALCEMIA or reduced serum levels of MAGNESIUM that may be associated with HYPERVENTILATION; HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; RICKETS; UREMIA; or other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1490) .
Dystonia Musculorum Deformans .
Dystonia Deformans Musculorum .
Dystonia Deformans Progressiva .
Torsion Disease of Childhood .
Dystonia, Idiopathic Torsion .
Dystonias, Idiopathic Torsion .
Dystonias, Torsion .
Idiopathic Torsion Dystonias .
Oppenheim Ziehen Disease .
Spasm, Progressive Torsion .
Torsion Disease, Childhood .
Torsion Dystonia, Idiopathic .
Torsion Spasm, Progressive .
Torsion Dystonia .
Oppenheim-Ziehen Disease .
Childhood Torsion Disease .
Idiopathic Torsion Dystonia .
Progressive Torsion Spasm .
A condition characterized by focal DYSTONIA that progresses to involuntary spasmodic contractions of the muscles of the legs, trunk, arms, and face. The hands are often spared, however, sustained axial and limb contractions may lead to a state where the body is grossly contorted. Onset is usually in the first or second decade. Familial patterns of inheritance, primarily autosomal dominant with incomplete penetrance, have been identified. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1078) .
Poliomyelitis, Bulbar .
Bulbar Polio .
Poliomyelitis, Medullary Involvement .
Medullary Involvement Poliomyelitis .
Polio, Bulbar .
Bulbar Poliomyelitis .
A form of paralytic poliomyelitis affecting neurons of the MEDULLA OBLONGATA of the brain stem. Clinical features include impaired respiration, HYPERTENSION, alterations of vasomotor control, and dysphagia. Weakness and atrophy of the limbs and trunk due to spinal cord involvement is usually associated. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p765) .
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne .
Becker's Muscular Dystrophy .
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated, 3B .
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated, X-Linked .
Childhood Muscular Dystrophy, Pseudohypertrophic .
Childhood Pseudohypertrophic Muscular Dystrophy .
Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy .
Duchenne-Becker Muscular Dystrophy .
Duchenne-Type Progressive Muscular Dystrophy .
Muscular Dystrophy Pseudohypertrophic Progressive, Becker Type .
Muscular Dystrophy, Becker Type .
Muscular Dystrophy, Childhood, Pseudohypertrophic .
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne Type .
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne and Becker Types .
Muscular Dystrophy, Pseudohypertrophic Progressive, Becker Type .
Muscular Dystrophy, Pseudohypertrophic Progressive, Duchenne Type .
Muscular Dystrophy, Pseudohypertrophic, Childhood .
Progressive Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne Type .
Pseudohypertrophic Childhood Muscular Dystrophy .
Pseudohypertrophic Muscular Dystrophy, Childhood .
Duchenne Becker Muscular Dystrophy .
Duchenne Type Progressive Muscular Dystrophy .
Muscular Dystrophy, Becker's .
Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne-Becker .
Pseudohypertrophic Muscular Dystrophy .
Becker Muscular Dystrophy .
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy .
Muscular Dystrophy, Becker .
Muscular Dystrophy, Pseudohypertrophic .
An X-linked recessive muscle disease caused by an inability to synthesize DYSTROPHIN, which is involved with maintaining the integrity of the sarcolemma. Muscle fibers undergo a process that features degeneration and regeneration. Clinical manifestations include proximal weakness in the first few years of life, pseudohypertrophy, cardiomyopathy (see MYOCARDIAL DISEASES), and an increased incidence of impaired mentation. Becker muscular dystrophy is a closely related condition featuring a later onset of disease (usually adolescence) and a slowly progressive course. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1415) .