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 DeCS Categories

D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.113 Anhydrides .
D02.241 Carboxylic Acids .
D02.241.081 Acids, Acyclic .
D02.241.081.901 Tricarboxylic Acids .
D02.241.081.901.434 Citrates .
D02.241.081.901.434.249 Citric Acid .
D02.241.511 Hydroxy Acids .
D03 Heterocyclic Compounds .
D03.383 Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring .
D03.383.679 Pyrazines .
D03.383.679.149 Amiloride .
D08 Enzymes and Coenzymes .
D08.811 Enzymes .
D08.811.277 Hydrolases .
D08.811.277.040 Acid Anhydride Hydrolases .
D08.811.277.352 Esterases .
D08.811.277.352.660 Phosphoric Triester Hydrolases .
D08.811.277.352.660.500 Aryldialkylphosphatase .
SP4 Environmental Health .
SP4.011 Science .
SP4.011.097 Chemistry .
SP4.011.097.039 Chemical Compounds .
SP4. Anhydrides .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Acid Anhydride Hydrolases .
Anhydride Hydrolases, Acid .
Hydrolases, Acid Anhydride .
A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of diphosphate bonds in compounds such as nucleoside di- and tri-phosphates, and sulfonyl-containing anhydrides such as adenylylsulfate. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.6. .
Anhydrides .
Chemical compounds derived from acids by the elimination of a molecule of water. .
Hydrolases .
Any member of the class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of the substrate and the addition of water to the resulting molecules, e.g., ESTERASES, glycosidases (GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES), lipases, NUCLEOTIDASES, peptidases (PEPTIDE HYDROLASES), and phosphatases (PHOSPHORIC MONOESTER HYDROLASES). EC 3. .
Amiloride .
Amidal .
Amiduret Trom .
Amiloberag .
Amiloride Hydrochloride .
Amiloride Hydrochloride, Anhydrous .
Kaluril .
Midamor .
Midoride .
Modamide .
Anhydrous Amiloride Hydrochloride .
Hydrochloride, Amiloride .
Hydrochloride, Anhydrous Amiloride .
Trom, Amiduret .
A pyrazine compound inhibiting SODIUM reabsorption through SODIUM CHANNELS in renal EPITHELIAL CELLS. This inhibition creates a negative potential in the luminal membranes of principal cells, located in the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct. Negative potential reduces secretion of potassium and hydrogen ions. Amiloride is used in conjunction with DIURETICS to spare POTASSIUM loss. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p705) .
Aryldialkylphosphatase .
Aryl-dialkyl Phosphatase .
Arylalkylphosphatase .
Homocysteine Thiolactone Hydrolase .
OPA Anhydrase .
OPH Enzyme .
Organophosphorus Acid Anhydrase .
Organophosphorus Acid Anhydrolase .
Organophosphorus Acid Hydrolase .
Organophosphorus Hydrolase .
Paraoxonase .
Paraoxonase-1 .
Paraoxonase-2 .
Acid Anhydrase, Organophosphorus .
Acid Anhydrolase, Organophosphorus .
Acid Hydrolase, Organophosphorus .
Anhydrase, OPA .
Anhydrase, Organophosphorus Acid .
Anhydrolase, Organophosphorus Acid .
Aryl dialkyl Phosphatase .
Enzyme, OPH .
Hydrolase, Homocysteine Thiolactone .
Hydrolase, Organophosphorus .
Hydrolase, Organophosphorus Acid .
Paraoxonase 1 .
Paraoxonase 2 .
Phosphatase, Aryl-dialkyl .
Thiolactone Hydrolase, Homocysteine .
An enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of an aryl-dialkyl phosphate to form dialkyl phosphate and an aryl alcohol. It can hydrolyze a broad spectrum of organophosphate substrates and a number of aromatic carboxylic acid esters. It may also mediate an enzymatic protection of LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS against oxidative modification and the consequent series of events leading to ATHEROMA formation. The enzyme was previously regarded to be identical with Arylesterase (EC .
Hydroxy Acids .
Acids, Hydroxy .
Organic compounds containing both the hydroxyl and carboxyl radicals. .
Citric Acid .
Anhydrous Citric Acid .
Citric Acid Monohydrate .
Citric Acid, Anhydrous .
Uralyt U .
Acid Monohydrate, Citric .
Monohydrate, Citric Acid .
Citrate .
A key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability. .