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 DeCS Categories

C07 Stomatognathic Diseases .
C07.465 Mouth Diseases .
C07.465.299 Facial Nerve Diseases .
C10 Nervous System Diseases .
C10.292 Cranial Nerve Diseases .
C10.292.150 Abducens Nerve Diseases .
C10.292.175 Accessory Nerve Diseases .
C10.292.319 Facial Nerve Diseases .
C10.292.450 Glossopharyngeal Nerve Diseases .
C10.292.650 Olfactory Nerve Diseases .
C10.292.700 Optic Nerve Diseases .
C11 Eye Diseases .
C11.640 Optic Nerve Diseases .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Cranial Nerve Diseases .
Cranial Nerve Disorders .
Cranial Nerve Palsies .
Nervus Cranialis Disorders .
Cranial Nerve Disease .
Cranial Nerve Disorder .
Cranial Nerve Palsy .
Cranial Neuropathy .
Cranial Neuropathy, Multiple .
Multiple Cranial Neuropathies .
Multiple Cranial Neuropathy .
Nervus Cranialis Disorder .
Neuropathies, Multiple Cranial .
Neuropathy, Cranial .
Neuropathy, Multiple Cranial .
Palsies, Cranial Nerve .
Palsy, Cranial Nerve .
Cranial Neuropathies .
Cranial Neuropathies, Multiple .
Neuropathies, Cranial .
Disorders of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves. With the exception of the optic and olfactory nerves, this includes disorders of the brain stem nuclei from which the cranial nerves originate or terminate. .
Optic Nerve Diseases .
Cranial Nerve II Disorder .
Neural-Optical Lesion .
Disk Disorder, Optic .
Disk Disorders, Optic .
Foster Kennedy Syndrome .
Lesion, Neural-Optical .
Lesions, Neural-Optical .
Neural Optical Lesion .
Neural-Optical Lesions .
Neuropathies, Optic .
Neuropathy, Optic .
Optic Disk Disorder .
Optic Nerve Disease .
Optic Neuropathies .
Syndrome, Foster-Kennedy .
Cranial Nerve II Diseases .
Foster-Kennedy Syndrome .
Optic Disk Disorders .
Optic Neuropathy .
Second Cranial Nerve Diseases .
Conditions which produce injury or dysfunction of the second cranial or optic nerve, which is generally considered a component of the central nervous system. Damage to optic nerve fibers may occur at or near their origin in the retina, at the optic disk, or in the nerve, optic chiasm, optic tract, or lateral geniculate nuclei. Clinical manifestations may include decreased visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, impaired color vision, and an afferent pupillary defect. .
Olfactory Nerve Diseases .
Cranial Nerve I Disorders .
Olfactory Nerve Disease .
Cranial Nerve I Diseases .
First Cranial Nerve Diseases .
Diseases of the first cranial (olfactory) nerve, which usually feature anosmia or other alterations in the sense of smell and taste. Anosmia may be associated with NEOPLASMS; CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTIONS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; inherited conditions; toxins; METABOLIC DISEASES; tobacco abuse; and other conditions. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp229-31) .
Abducens Nerve Diseases .
6th Nerve Palsy .
Abducens Nerve Palsy .
Benign Recurrent Abducens Palsy of Childhood .
Benign Recurrent Abducens Palsy, Children .
Cranial Nerve VI Palsy .
Sixth Cranial Nerve Diseases .
Sixth Cranial Nerve Palsy .
Sixth Nerve Palsy .
VI Nerve Palsy .
VIth Cranial Nerve Diseases .
6th Nerve Palsies .
Abducens Nerve Disease .
Abducens Nerve Palsies .
Lateral Rectus Palsies .
Nerve Palsies, 6th .
Nerve Palsies, VI .
Nerve Palsy, 6th .
Nerve Palsy, VI .
Palsies, 6th Nerve .
Palsies, Abducens Nerve .
Palsies, Lateral Rectus .
Palsies, Sixth Nerve .
Palsies, VI Nerve .
Palsy, 6th Nerve .
Palsy, Abducens Nerve .
Palsy, Lateral Rectus .
Palsy, Sixth Nerve .
Palsy, VI Nerve .
Sixth Nerve Palsies .
Abducens Palsy, Childhood, Benign Recurrent .
Cranial Nerve VI Diseases .
Lateral Rectus Palsy .
Sixth Cranial Nerve Disorders .
Diseases of the sixth cranial (abducens) nerve or its nucleus in the pons. The nerve may be injured along its course in the pons, intracranially as it travels along the base of the brain, in the cavernous sinus, or at the level of superior orbital fissure or orbit. Dysfunction of the nerve causes lateral rectus muscle weakness, resulting in horizontal diplopia that is maximal when the affected eye is abducted and ESOTROPIA. Common conditions associated with nerve injury include INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ISCHEMIA; and INFRATENTORIAL NEOPLASMS. .
Glossopharyngeal Nerve Diseases .
Cranial Nerve IX Disorders .
Glossopharyngeal Motor Neuropathy .
Glossopharyngeal Nerve Sensory Neuropathy .
Glossopharyngeal Nerve Taste Disorder .
Sensory Neuropathy, Glossopharyngeal Nerve .
Taste Disorder, Glossopharyngeal Nerve .
Glossopharyngeal Motor Neuropathies .
Glossopharyngeal Nerve Disease .
Glossopharyngeal Neuralgias .
Motor Neuropathies, Glossopharyngeal .
Motor Neuropathy, Glossopharyngeal .
Neuralgia, Glossopharyngeal .
Neuralgias, Glossopharyngeal .
Cranial Nerve IX Diseases .
Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia .
Ninth Cranial Nerve Diseases .
Diseases of the ninth cranial (glossopharyngeal) nerve or its nuclei in the medulla. The nerve may be injured by diseases affecting the lower brain stem, floor of the posterior fossa, jugular foramen, or the nerve's extracranial course. Clinical manifestations include loss of sensation from the pharynx, decreased salivation, and syncope. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia refers to a condition that features recurrent unilateral sharp pain in the tongue, angle of the jaw, external auditory meatus and throat that may be associated with SYNCOPE. Episodes may be triggered by cough, sneeze, swallowing, or pressure on the tragus of the ear. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1390) .
Facial Nerve Diseases .
Cranial Nerve VII Disorders .
Facial Nerve Disorders .
Facial Nerve Motor Disorders .
Facial Nerve Sensory Disorders .
Facial Neuritis .
Familial Facial Neuropathy .
Motor Disorders, Facial Nerve .
Sensory Disorders, Facial Nerve .
Seventh Cranial Nerve Diseases .
Acquired Facial Neuropathies .
Disease, Facial Nerve .
Diseases, Facial Nerve .
Disorder, Facial Nerve .
Disorders, Facial Nerve .
Facial Myokymias .
Facial Nerve Disease .
Facial Nerve Disorder .
Facial Neuritides .
Facial Neuropathies .
Facial Neuropathies, Acquired .
Facial Neuropathies, Familial .
Facial Neuropathy, Acquired .
Facial Neuropathy, Familial .
Familial Facial Neuropathies .
Ganglionitides, Geniculate .
Ganglionitis, Geniculate .
Geniculate Ganglionitides .
Myokymia, Facial .
Myokymias, Facial .
Neuritides, Facial .
Neuritis, Facial .
Neuropathies, Facial .
Neuropathies, Familial Facial .
Neuropathy, Facial .
Neuropathy, Familial Facial .
Acquired Facial Neuropathy .
Cranial Nerve VII Diseases .
Facial Myokymia .
Facial Neuropathy .
Geniculate Ganglionitis .
Diseases of the facial nerve or nuclei. Pontine disorders may affect the facial nuclei or nerve fascicle. The nerve may be involved intracranially, along its course through the petrous portion of the temporal bone, or along its extracranial course. Clinical manifestations include facial muscle weakness, loss of taste from the anterior tongue, hyperacusis, and decreased lacrimation. .
Accessory Nerve Diseases .
Cranial Nerve Eleven Diseases .
Cranial Nerve Eleven Disorders .
Accessory Nerve Disease .
Cranial Nerve XI Diseases .
Eleventh Cranial Nerve Disease .
Spinal Accessory Nerve Diseases .
Diseases of the eleventh cranial (spinal accessory) nerve. This nerve originates from motor neurons in the lower medulla (accessory portion of nerve) and upper spinal cord (spinal portion of nerve). The two components of the nerve join and exit the skull via the jugular foramen, innervating the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles, which become weak or paralyzed if the nerve is injured. The nerve is commonly involved in MOTOR NEURON DISEASE, and may be injured by trauma to the posterior triangle of the neck. .