serw-MX  [xml]  

 DeCS Categories

H02 Health Occupations .
H02.403 Medicine .
H02.403.230 Disaster Medicine .
N06 Environment and Public Health .
N06.230 Environment .
N06.230.100 Disasters .
SP4 Environmental Health .
SP4.001 Health .
SP4.001.037 Disasters .
SP4.001.037.438 Disaster Planning .
SP4.001.037.438.569 Prevention and Mitigation .
SP8 Disasters .
SP8.946 Disaster Management .
SP8.946.117 Emergency Watch .
SP8.946.117.190 Disaster Medicine .
SP8.946.351 Impact of Disasters .
SP8.946.351.442 Disaster Path .
SP8.946.468 Disaster Legislation .
SP8.946.819 Prevention and Mitigation .
SP8.946.819.982 Zoning .
SP8.946.819.982.908 Disaster Area .
SP9 Health Law .
SP9.100 Health Legislation .
SP9.100.050 Disaster Legislation .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Prevention and Mitigation .
Disaster Mitigation .
Predisaster Mitigation .
Mitigation .
Mitigation: Measures taken in advance of a disaster aimed at decreasing or eliminating its impact on society and environment. Prevention: Activities designed to offer permanent protection against a disaster. They Include engineering and other physical protection measures, as well as legislation to control land use and urban planning. (Material II - IDNDR, 1992) A collective term used to encompass all activities undertaken in anticipation of the occurrence of a potentially disasterous event, including preparedness and long-term risk reduction measures. The process of planning and implementing measures to reduce the risks associated with known natural and man-made hazards and to deal with disasters which do occur. Strategies and specific measures are designed on the basis of risk assessments and political decisions concerning the levels of risk which are considered to be acceptable and the resources to be allocated (by the national and sub-national authorities and external donors). Mitigation has been used by some institutions/authors in a narrower sense, excluding preparedness. It has occasionally been defined to include postdisaster response, then being equivalent to disaster management. (DHA - Department of Humanitarian Affairs, DMTP - Disaster Management Training Program. Disaster Mitigation, 2nd ed. Glossary, 1994: .
Disasters .
Natural Disaster .
Natural Disasters .
Disaster .
Disaster, Natural .
Disasters, Natural .
PICE 3283 .
Potential Injury Creating Events .
Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community. .
Disaster Medicine .
Medicine, Disaster .
Branch of medicine involved with management and organization of public health response to disasters and major events including the special health and medical needs of a community in a disaster. .
Disaster Legislation .
Disaster Act .
The body of laws and regulations that govern and designate responsibility for disaster management concerning the various phases of disaster (Material II - IDNDR, 1992) .
Disaster Area .
Disaster Prone Area .
Disaster Zone .
An area occupied by a population and its environment which suffers damages with the impact of a natural or human made disaster. The extent of the disaster zone can be diverse: neighborhood, colony, town, city or region, varying in accordance to different factors. (Free translation from the original: Material IV - Glosario de Protección Civil, OPS, 1992) .
Disaster Path .
Disaster Route .
Route taken by a disaster. (Free translation from the original: Material IV - Glosario de Protección Civil, OPS, 1992) .