serw-MX  [xml]  

 DeCS Categories

N06 Environment and Public Health .
N06.230 Environment .
N06.230.100 Disasters .
SP4 Environmental Health .
SP4.001 Health .
SP4.001.037 Disasters .
SP4.001.037.438 Disaster Planning .
SP4.001.037.438.569 Prevention and Mitigation .
SP4.001.037.438.574 Disaster Vulnerability .
SP4.001.037.438.574.300 Vulnerability Study .
SP4.011 Science .
SP4.011.072 Environmental Sciences .
SP4.011.072.588 Natural Resources .
SP4.011.072.588.124 Natural Resources Management .
SP4.011.127 Social Sciences .
SP4.011.127.418 Organization and Administration .
SP4.011.127.418.689 Environmental Administration .
SP4.011.127.418.689.950 Natural Resources Management .
SP5 Epidemiology and Biostatistics .
SP5.001 Epidemiology .
SP5.001.012 Epidemiologic Studies .
SP5.001.012.033 Epidemiology, Descriptive .
SP5. Population Characteristics .
SP5. Risk Groups .
SP8 Disasters .
SP8.473 Risk 17142 .
SP8.473.654 Hazards .
SP8.473.654.377 Environment .
SP8.473.654.377.037 Natural Resources .
SP8.473.654.377.037.040 Natural Resources Management .
SP8.473.981 Disaster Vulnerability .
SP8.473.981.972 Social Vulnerability .
SP8.473.981.972.907 Risk Groups .
SP8.946 Disaster Management .
SP8.946.234 Education in Disasters .
SP8.946.234.352 Public Awareness .
SP8.946.585 Organizations .
SP8.946.585.658 Civil Protection .
SP8.946.819 Prevention and Mitigation .
SP8.946.819.793 Vulnerability Analysis .
SP8.946.819.793.754 Vulnerability Study .
SP8.946.819.802 Social Communication .
SP8.946.819.802.768 Public Awareness .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Prevention and Mitigation .
Disaster Mitigation .
Predisaster Mitigation .
Mitigation .
Mitigation: Measures taken in advance of a disaster aimed at decreasing or eliminating its impact on society and environment. Prevention: Activities designed to offer permanent protection against a disaster. They Include engineering and other physical protection measures, as well as legislation to control land use and urban planning. (Material II - IDNDR, 1992) A collective term used to encompass all activities undertaken in anticipation of the occurrence of a potentially disasterous event, including preparedness and long-term risk reduction measures. The process of planning and implementing measures to reduce the risks associated with known natural and man-made hazards and to deal with disasters which do occur. Strategies and specific measures are designed on the basis of risk assessments and political decisions concerning the levels of risk which are considered to be acceptable and the resources to be allocated (by the national and sub-national authorities and external donors). Mitigation has been used by some institutions/authors in a narrower sense, excluding preparedness. It has occasionally been defined to include postdisaster response, then being equivalent to disaster management. (DHA - Department of Humanitarian Affairs, DMTP - Disaster Management Training Program. Disaster Mitigation, 2nd ed. Glossary, 1994: .
Civil Protection .
The organized actions of planning, training, preparedness and response to all emergences at the local and national levels, with the view to protecting the civilian population in case of natural catastrophe, man-made disaster or war. As a wider, all-hazards approach, the term is now preferred to and covers civil defence. (Material V - Gunn, S.W.A. Multilingual Dictionary of Disaster Medicine and International Relief, 1990) .
Disasters .
Natural Disaster .
Natural Disasters .
Disaster .
Disaster, Natural .
Disasters, Natural .
PICE 3283 .
Potential Injury Creating Events .
Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community. .
Vulnerability Study .
Study and investigation of all risks and the hazards suceptible to cause a disaster (Material V - Gunn, S.W.A. Multilingual Dictionary of Disaster Medicine and International Relief, 1990). .
Natural Resources Management .
Management of Natural Resources .
Natural Resources Administration .
Natural Resources Planning .
Ecological Planning .
Administration of the natural resources in a manner that promotes judicious utilization, conservation and renewal, with minimum waste, pollution or depletion, for the improvement of the environment and prevention of disasters. (Material V - Gunn, S.W.A. Multilingual Dictionary of Disaster Medicine and International Relief, 1990) .
Risk Groups .
At-Risk Communities .
At-Risk Groups .
Communities Exposed to Risk .
Groups Exposed to Risk .
Risk-Prone Communities .
Risk-Prone Groups .
Risk-Sensitive Communities .
Risk-Sensitive Groups .
Risk-Susceptible Communities .
Risk-Susceptible Groups .
Vulnerable Communities .
Vulnerable Groups .
Vulnerable Goup .
Vulnerable groups: a section of the population, specially infants, pregnant and lactating mothers, the elderly, the homeless, who are particularly prone to sickness and nutritional deficiencies. They are likely to suffer most in a disaster (Material V - Gunn, S.W.A. Multilingual Dictionary of Disaster Medicine and International Relief, 1990) Risk groups: groups of people to whom health care should be delivered first due to exposition to certain risks. .
Public Awareness .
The process of informing the community as to the nature of the hazard and actions needed to save lives and property prior to and in the event of disaster (Material II - IDNDR, 1992) .