serw-MX  [xml]  

 DeCS Categories

A09 Sense Organs .
A09.371 Eye 3998 .
A09.371.729 Retina .
C11 Eye Diseases .
C11.768 Retinal Diseases .
C11.768.773 Retinitis .
D02 Organic Chemicals .
D02.047 Aldehydes .
D02.047.850 Retinaldehyde .
D02.455 Hydrocarbons .
D02.455.326 Hydrocarbons, Acyclic .
D02.455.326.271 Alkenes .
D02.455.326.271.665 Polyenes .
D02.455.326.271.665.202 Carotenoids .
D02.455.326.271.665.202.495 Retinoids .
D02.455.326.271.665.202.495.690 Retinaldehyde .
D02.455.326.271.665.202.495.818 Vitamin A .
D02.455.326.271.665.202.495.818.500 Tretinoin .
D02.455.426 Hydrocarbons, Cyclic .
D02.455.426.392 Hydrocarbons, Alicyclic .
D02.455.426.392.368 Cycloparaffins .
D02.455.426.392.368.367 Cyclohexanes .
D02.455.426.392.368.367.379 Cyclohexenes .
D02.455.426.392.368.367.379.249 Carotenoids .
D02.455.426.392.368.367.379.249.700 Retinoids .
D02.455.426.392.368.367.379.249.700.690 Retinaldehyde .
D02.455.426.392.368.367.379.249.700.860 Vitamin A .
D02.455.426.392.368.367.379.249.700.860.500 Tretinoin .
D02.455.849 Terpenes .
D02.455.849.131 Carotenoids .
D02.455.849.131.495 Retinoids .
D02.455.849.131.495.690 Retinaldehyde .
D02.455.849.131.495.818 Vitamin A .
D02.455.849.131.495.818.800 Tretinoin .
D23 Biological Factors .
D23.767 Pigments, Biological .
D23.767.261 Carotenoids .
D23.767.261.700 Retinoids .
D23.767.261.700.690 Retinaldehyde .
D23.767.261.700.780 Tretinoin .
D23.767.261.700.860 Vitamin A .
E07 Equipment and Supplies .
E07.230 Diagnostic Equipment .
E07.230.540 Ophthalmoscopes .
E07.230.540.500 Retinoscopes .
 Synonyms & Historicals
Retinoids .
A group of tetraterpenes, with four terpene units joined head-to-tail. Biologically active members of this class are used clinically in the treatment of severe cystic ACNE; PSORIASIS; and other disorders of keratinization. .
Vitamin A .
11-cis-Retinol .
3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-ol, (all-E)-Isomer .
All-Trans-Retinol .
Aquasol A .
Vitamin A1 .
All Trans Retinol .
Retinol .
Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products. .
Retina .
Retinas .
The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent. .
Retinaldehyde .
11-cis-Retinal .
11 cis Retinal .
Aldehyde, Vitamin A .
Axerophthal .
Retinal .
Retinene .
Vitamin A Aldehyde .
A carotenoid constituent of visual pigments. It is the oxidized form of retinol which functions as the active component of the visual cycle. It is bound to the protein opsin forming the complex rhodopsin. When stimulated by visible light, the retinal component of the rhodopsin complex undergoes isomerization at the 11-position of the double bond to the cis-form; this is reversed in "dark" reactions to return to the native trans-configuration. .
Tretinoin .
Retin-A .
Tretinoin Potassium Salt .
Tretinoin Sodium Salt .
Tretinoin Zinc Salt .
Vesanoid .
all-trans-Retinoic Acid .
beta-all-trans-Retinoic Acid .
trans-Retinoic Acid .
Acid, Retinoic .
Acid, Vitamin A .
Acid, all-trans-Retinoic .
Acid, beta-all-trans-Retinoic .
Acid, trans-Retinoic .
Potassium Salt, Tretinoin .
Retin A .
Salt, Tretinoin Potassium .
Salt, Tretinoin Sodium .
Salt, Tretinoin Zinc .
Sodium Salt, Tretinoin .
Zinc Salt, Tretinoin .
all trans Retinoic Acid .
beta all trans Retinoic Acid .
trans Retinoic Acid .
Retinoic Acid .
Vitamin A Acid .
An important regulator of GENE EXPRESSION during growth and development, and in NEOPLASMS. Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid and derived from maternal VITAMIN A, is essential for normal GROWTH; and EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. An excess of tretinoin can be teratogenic. It is used in the treatment of PSORIASIS; ACNE VULGARIS; and several other SKIN DISEASES. It has also been approved for use in promyelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, PROMYELOCYTIC, ACUTE). .
Retinitis .
Neuroretinitis .
Inflammation of the RETINA. It is rarely limited to the retina, but is commonly associated with diseases of the choroid (CHORIORETINITIS) and of the OPTIC DISK (neuroretinitis). .
Retinoscopes .
Retinoscope .
Instruments for RETINOSCOPY that determines the refractive state of the EYE, such as the degree of NEARSIGHTEDNESS; FARSIGHTEDNESS; or ASTIGMATISM. In principle, a retinoscope provides a light source to illuminate the RETINA, and then locates the aerial image of the retina in space to obtain an index of the refractive quality of the patient's lens system. .